The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Cetin Ozdemir E, Erciyas K, Unsal B, Sezer U, Taysi S, Araz M

    The Effects of Chronic Periodontitis and Obesity on Total Antioxidant/ Oxidant Status and Oxidative Stress Index

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2022 18(3): 294-300 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.294

    Objective. Both obesity and periodontal diseases are significant diseases that affect the quality of life. Recent studies have focused on the relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. The aim of this study is to determine the pathophysiological relationship between obesity and periodontal disease by evaluating the clinical periodontal parameters and oxidative status. Subjects and Methods. The study included 80 individuals divided into four groups including 20 individuals in each group as following; periodontally healthy patients with normal weight, (NH), patients with chronic periodontitis and normal weight (NCP), periodontally healthy patients with obesity (OH) and patients with chronic periodontitis and obesity (OCP). Clinical periodontal parameters were recorded, and serum, saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were obtained. Local and systemic levels of total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI) were assessed biochemically. Results. No statistically significant difference was found among the groups regarding TAS, TOS and OSI values in serum and saliva samples (p>0.05). GCF-TAS values in NH group were statistically significantly higher compared with other groups (p<0,05) . GCF TOS values increased in obese groups (OH, OCP) compared with non-obese groups (NH, NCP) (p<0.05). Our results suggest that obesity and chronic periodontitis do not effect oxidant/antioxidant levels in serum and saliva. Conclusions. Many factors such as daily living conditions of the individual, stress and nutritional habits TAS and TOS levels of the individual may affect oxidative stress parameters. However, these factors could not be standardized in the study.
  • Case Report

    Korkmaz H, Akarsu E, Özkaya M, Öztürk ZA, Tutar E, Araz M

    Plurihormonal Pituitary Adenoma: Acromegaly Associated with Subclinical Cushing’s Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(3): 389-393 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.389

    A 52-year old women was diagnosed with acromegaly 5 years ago, and transseptal transsphenoidal pituitary microsurgery has been performed. Later the patient did not come to controls and the complaints prior to operation growth of the hands and feet, headache, sweating and resistant hypertension have continued. She was referred to our clinic with the same complaints. Physical examination showed typical acromegalic features without typical Cushingoid features. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed the presence of a pituitary macroadenoma. Basal plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels were high. GH suppression was not observed in 75 gr oral glucose suppression test. Due to refractory hypertension and central obesity hypothalamo-pituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis was evaluated. HPA showed a lack of circadian rhythm of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol, non-suppressibility to 1 mg overnight and classical 2 day low-dose dexamethasone, but suppressibility to high-dose (8 mg) dexamethasone. The tumour resected by transsphenodial surgery was histopathologically consistent with the diagnosis of adenoma. Immunostaining showed GH and ACTH producing cells. After surgery plasma GH and IGF-1 levels decreased to normal along with normalization of HPA axis. Hypertension disappeared without medical treatment after removal of the pituitary tumour. This is a very rare case of GH-producing pituitary adenoma causing typical acromegaly with concomitant production of ACTH causing subclinical Cushing’s disease.
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Calderon MP, Ruiz-Carazo E, Lainez Ramos-Bossini AJ

    Retroperitoneal Paraganglioma Manifested as Acute Abdomen Due to Intratumor Hemorrhage

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2023 19(3): 396-397 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2023.396

  • General Endocrinology

    Sayiner ZA, Okyar B, Kisacik B, Akarsu E, Özkaya M, Araz M

    DPP-4 Inhibitors Increase the Incidence of Arthritis/Arthralgia but do Not Affect Autoimmunity

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(4): 473-476 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.473

    Aims. In August 2015, FDA published a black box declaring that DPP-4 inhibitors may cause severe joint pains. The impact on autoimmunity marker positivity of these drugs has not been comprehensively evaluated. We compared the incidence of arthritis/arthralgia in patients with T2DM who were using DPP-4 inhibitors and patients who were not using. Methods. A number of 93 DPP-4 inhibitor users and 107 non-users were included into the study. Arthritis/ arthralgia were found in 41 of 93 (44.1%) DPP-4 inhibitor users and in 19 of 107 (17.8%) non-users (p<0.05). Results. No inflammatory rheumatological condition was identified in 27 of 41 (65.9%) patients in DPP-4 inhibitor user group as well as in 13 of 19 (68.4%) patients in non-user group (p>0.05). After adjusting for gender the incidence for arthritis/arthralgia was significantly increased in the DPP-4 inhibitor user group (p value for any DPP-inhibitor <0.05). There was 3.77 times increased risk for arthritis/arthralgia in the DPP-4 inhibitor using group (p value= 0.001) and this risk increases 2.43 times for each year of DPP-4 inhibitor usage. Conclusions. Arthritis/arthralgia were more common among T2DM patients who were using DPP-4 inhibitors compared to non-users, but the seropositivity did not differ between DPP-4 inhibitor users and non-users.
  • Case Report

    Korkmaz H, Özkaya M., Akarsu E., Öztürk Z.A., Koç I., Araz M

    Bartter Syndrome Mimicking Hypopituitarism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2013 9(3): 479-486 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.479

    Introduction. Bartter’s Syndrome is a renal tubular defect characterized with low or normal blood pressure, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism due to renal sodium loss. Herein we reported a case who presented with growth retardation, growth hormone deficiency previously treated with growth hormone for a period of 6 months in mind and with hypopituitarism similar findings such as primary amenorrhea, fatigue, weakness and just diagnosed as Bartter’s syndrome. Case report. A 18 year-old female patient was referred to our hospital for amenorrhea, growth retardation and fatigue. Her history revealed that she was diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency two years ago and given growth hormone treatment for 6 months. Physical examination showed growth retardation. Laboratory tests revealed that serum potassium was 2,3 mmol/L. Further investigations demonstrated metabolic alkalosis, increased urinary potassium excretion and hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism. The patient was considered as Bartter syndrome and spironolactone, indomethacin and potassium chloride were initiated. While she had growth retardation and primary amenorrhea, we searched basal hormone levels and performed stimulation tests for evaluating pituitary reserve. Insulin tolerance test showed that serum growth hormone and cortisol levels were 10 mcg/dL and 19 mcg/dL respectively during hypoglycemic period. It demonstrated that both of the axes were intact. Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone test showed that hypothalamo pituitary gonadal axis was also intact. Conclusions. Bartter syndrome can lead to growth retardation that mimicking hypopituitarism in case of delay in diagnosis.
  • Case Report

    Korkmaz H, Özkaya M, Akarsu E, Sahin AZ, Öztürk ZA, Yildiz H, Kisacik B, Araz M

    Hypoparathyroidism Mimicking Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(3): 495-501 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.495

    Background. Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism is a rarely seen disease which progresses with the hypocalcaemia, hyperphosphatemia and low level of parathyroid hormones. The main symptoms such as leg cramps and generalized muscle weakness result from neuromuscular irritability due to hypocalcaemia, and skeletal abnormalities as well as ectopic calcifications are among the well known features. Case Report. A 32 year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with four years of progressive inflammatory low back and hip pain, prolonged morning stiffness. Upon physical examination limited movements and posture resembling that seen in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) were observed. In laboratory investigation revealed hypocalcaemia (4.6 mg/dL), hyperphosphatemia (7.0 mg/dL) and hypoparathyroidism (7.2 pg/mL). Serum C reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were normal. The direct graphic and sacroiliac magnetic resonance image were identified sacroiliitis. A rise in bone density in dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was recorded. According to the Modified New York criteria, AS includes the whole diagnostic criterias completely. Conclusion. Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, when undiagnosed for a long period, may result in extreme calcification of soft and bony tissues. The vertebral calcification may be so intense that it may result in an AS like clinical picture. Therefore, idiopathic hypoparathyroidism should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of AS .
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Lainez Ramos-Bossini AJ, Ruiz-Carazo E, Ferrer-Soriano JF, Malo-Prian R

    Right Adrenal Tumor in a Patient with Gynecomastia. A Troublesome Association

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(4): 524-525 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.524