The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Editorial

    Ekinci I, Hursitoglu M, Tunc M, Kazezoglu C, Isiksacan N, Yurt S, Akdeniz E, Eroz E, Kumbasar A

    Adrenocortical System Hormones in Non-Critically ill Covid-19 Patients

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(1): 83-89 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.83

    Context. The effects of COVID-19 on the adrenocortical system and its hormones are not well known. Objectives. We studied serum cortisol, serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and their ratio in hospitalized non-critically ill COVID-19 patients. Design. A prospective case-control study. Methods. The study participants were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of 74 COVID-19 patients. The second group consisted of 33 healthy persons. Early admission above hormones levels was determined and compared between the study groups. Besides that, COVID-19 patients were grouped according to their Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), CURB-65 score, and intensive care unit (ICU) requirement, and further sub-analyses were performed. Results. There were no significant differences in the mean age or gender distribution in both groups. In the patients’ group, the serum ACTH concentration was lower than in the healthy group (p<0.05). On the other hand, the serum cortisol levels and cortisol/ACTH ratio of the patients’ group were significantly higher than of the healthy controls (p<0.05, all). Further analyses showed that, although serum cortisol and ACTH levels were not high, the cortisol/ACTH ratio was higher in COVID-19 patients with low GCS (<15) than patients with normal GCS (=15) (p<0.05). In COVID-19 in patients with different CURB-65 scores, the cortisol/ACTH ratio was significantly different (p<0.05), while serum cortisol and ACTH were not different in groups (p>0.05). Serum cortisol levels and cortisol/ACTH ratio were higher but ACTH level was lower in the ICU needed COVID-19 patients than in patients who do not need ICU (p<0.05). Conclusion. Our pilot study results showed that the cortisol/ACTH ratio would be more useful than serum cortisol and/or ACTH levels alone in evaluating the adrenocortical system of COVID-19 patients. Still, further detailed studies are needed to confirm these.
  • General Endocrinology

    Ekinci F, Soyaltin UE, Kutbay YB, Yasar HY, Demirci Yildirim T, Akar H

    JAK2 V617F Mutation Scanning in Patients with Adrenal Incidentaloma

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2017 13(2): 150-153 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.150

    Objective. Adrenal incidentaloma are lesions which are stated incidentally by imaging methods when there is no suspicion of any disease in adrenal gland. Inappropriate Jak2 signaling causes some solid and hematological malignancies. But the Jak2 mutation has not been previously evaluated with regard to adrenal tumors. In this study, we aimed to positivity of the Jak2 mutation in patients with non functioning adrenal incidentaloma (NFAI). Methods. 45 (38 female–7 male) patients, who were followed due to NFAI at Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine between February 2014 and March 2015, and 45 (31 female–14 male) healthy controls were included in the study. Results. The average age was 54.02±11.7 years and 38 patients were female, 7 were men. All patients underwent the following analyses for excluding a functioning adrenal mass, overnight dexamethasone suppression test, 24 hour urinary metanephrine and normetanephrine, plasma aldosterone/ renin activity ratio. Jak2 mutation of the patients who were diagnosed as NFAI was all negative. Conclusion. We could not identify the JAK2 gene mutation positivity in any sample. Since other possible mechanisms may throw fresh light on the etiology of adrenal incidentaloma, further clinical studies are needed on this subject.