The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A, Ivan M, Neacsu E, Popa O, Diaconescu A

    High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in 1048 Romanian women with postmenopausal osteoporosis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2008 4(1): 33-45 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2008.33

    Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common medical problems worldwide as they\r\nare quite prevalent in both healthy adults and individuals with osteoporosis, hospitalized patients\r\nand free-living and institutionalized elderly. The lack of serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD)\r\nassays standardization, variability of reference population, and the use of different cut-off points\r\nhave produced quite different prevalence reports from epidemiological studies.\r\nWe investigated the vitamin D status (deficiency, insufficiency, sufficiency) in 1048\r\nRomanian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis referred to our clinic for diagnosis and\r\ntreatment in the last three years. Most patients were untreated with osteoporosis drugs and nonsupplemented\r\nwith vitamin D. In our country dietary sources of vitamin D are scarce and there\r\nis no fortification of food with vitamin D. We found a high prevalence of both vitamin D\r\ndeficiency (25OHD < 10 ng/mL) - 22.23% and insufficiency (25OHD=10-30 ng/mL) - 61.26%.\r\nOur study also revealed a high prevalence of low vitamin D when using other cut-offs as reported\r\nin the literature. 83.49% had values lower than 30 ng/mL and 60.97% lower than 20 ng/mL. In\r\nthis study we identified a serum 25OHD concentration of 35 ng/mL above which serum\r\nparathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration attains a plateau at about 35 pg/mL. The relation\r\nbetween serum PTH and 25OHD concentration was non-linear and a log-log diagram showed a\r\nvery weak correlation. The prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism was 32.25% in the\r\nwhole population studied. It ranged from 40% in the subgroup of serum 25OHD less than 10\r\nng/mL to less than 15% in patients with 25OHD higher than 30 ng/mL.\r\nIn conclusion, in a representative osteoporosis population from Romania we found a very\r\nhigh prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency whatever the cut-off used for\r\ndefinition.
  • Editorial

    Grigorie D


    Acta Endo (Buc) 2013 9(1): 87-88 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.87

  • Clinical review/Extensive clinical experience

    Grigorie D, Lerner UH

    The Crucial Role of the WNT System in Bone Remodelling

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(1): 90-101 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.90

    The maintenance of bone mass is critically dependent on the balance between bone formation by osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts, processes in which osteocytes play also an important role. The activities of these bone cells are regulated by a variety of endocrine and paracrine factors of which sex steroids, parathyroid hormone, 1.25(OH)2- vitamin D3, glucocorticoids, retinoids and thyroid hormones are the most well known systemic factors. To the long list of locally acting factors belong cytokines and growth factors. This list was extended some 15 years ago by the discovery of the very important role of the WNT signalling system for the maintenance of bone mass. The first evidence of its role was the findings that mutations in the LRP5 gene, encoding a co-receptor in WNT-signaling, could result in either gain or loss of bone mass, i.e. either high bone mass or osteoporosis. This was a most unexpected observation since no indications existed prior to this discovery that the WNT signalling system had a role in bone remodeling. Since then, many observations have been made demonstrating the important role of different WNTs in regulating bone formation and resorption. Interestingly, some of these findings have demonstrated that trabecular and cortical bone are regulated by different mechanisms. It is the aim of the present overview to give the readers an insight into the WNT signalling system and its role in bone remodeling.
  • Case Report

    Zlate AC, Alexandrescu ST, Grigorie RT, Gramaticu IM, Kraft A, Dumitru R, Tomescu D, Popescu I

    The Role of Surgery in a Patient with Carcinoid Syndrome, Complicated by Carcinoid Heart Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(1): 117-121 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.117

    A 55-year-old female patient was admitted for flushing and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant. Her past medical history revealed high blood pressure and a recent echocardiography showed thickened appearance of tricuspid valve with coaptation defect and grade II tricuspid regurgitation. Contrast enhanced abdominal CT scan and MRI were subsequently performed and revealed a large macronodular liver mass, as well as other micronodular lesions disseminated in the liver parenchyma. CT guided biopsy from the main liver mass revealed neuroendocrine tumor of unknown origin (probably GI) with Ki-67 of 8%. Surgical exploration was decided. During laparotomy, the primary tumor was found in the proximal ileum and the patient underwent segmental enterectomy. Non-anatomical hepatectomy was also performed to remove the bulk of the tumor burden (more than 90%). Postoperative course was uneventful and the carcinoid syndrome relieved. At present, 15 months postoperatively, the patient is under treatment with somatostatin analogue for its antiproliferative effect, with good clinical, biochemical and tumoral control and stable heart disease. In patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases from unknown primary, surgical exploration could allow detection (and resection) of the primary tumor and surgical debulking of liver metastases to control carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease.
  • Case Report

    Grigorie D, Buslei R., Sucaliuc A., Fahlbusch R

    Gonadotroph Adenoma with Increased Serum Gonadotropin Levels in a Patient with Longstanding Klinefelter Syndrome

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(1): 121-127 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.121

    Prolonged target gland failure causes pituitary hyperplasia, but rarely, secondary hyperplasias develop into autonomous neoplasms. We report herein a rare example of gonadotroph adenoma arising in a patient with prolonged hypogonadism due to Klinefelter syndrome. A pituitary macroadenoma with suprasellar extension was discovered incidentally by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in search for the cause of chronic saliva retention. His pre-operative serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and mostly follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were distinctly higher than normal, as expected, but the levels decreased after complete removal of the tumor, suggesting partial secretion of gonadotropins by the tumor. The surgically removed tissue showed a typical pituitary adenoma with distinct immunoreactivity for FSH (intense, homogeneous) and LH (scattered). In the fragmented parts of adjacent gland tissue, no hormone producing cell hyperplasia or presence of gonadal deficiency cells were detectable. In conclusion, our case is the description of a rare example of gonadotropin producing pituitary adenoma (FSH and LH) with increased serum levels of both gonadotropins in a patient with untreated Klinefelter syndrome.
  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Coles D, Sucaliuc A

    Trabecular Bone Score (Tbs) Has a Poor Discriminative Power for Vertebral Fractures in 153 Romanian Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 208-212 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.208

    Context. Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) has been recently proposed as a good tool to investigate secondary osteoporosis. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess TBS from spine DXA images in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and look at its correlates. Subjects and Methods. 153 patients, mean age 59.1 ± 12.1 yrs, females and males (10%), mean BMI 26.2 ± 4.8 kg/m2, mean serum calcium and PTH of 11.3 ± 1.2 mg/dL and 232 ± 329 pg/mL, respectively; 89% had osteoporosis/ osteopenia by LS DXA and 46% had renal involvement. There were 7.6% patients with vertebral fractures, 13.2% patients with nonvertebral fractures. TBS indices were derived from LS-DXA images and cutoff points used were those previously reported. Results. Mean TBS was in the partially degraded range (1.258 ± 0.115); 32% of patients had degraded microarchitecture (TBS ≤ 1.20), 51% had partially degraded microarchitecture (TBS > 1.20 and < 1.35) and 17% had normal TBS. TBS was significantly correlated with areal BMD both at the LS (r=0.544; p<0.001) and FN (r = 0.315; p < 0.001), and negatively with age (r= - 0.354; p < 0.001) and years since menopause - YSM (r = - 0.257, p = 0.005). Patients with vertebral fractures had mean values of TBS in the degraded range, significantly lower than those without vertebral fractures (1.173 ± 0.076 vs. 1.263 ± 0.115; p = 0.006). The presence of vertebral fracture was independently associated only with YSM (OR = 1.131, 95% CI = 0.032 – 0.214, p = 0.008) but not with TBS. Conclusions. In a cohort of symptomatic PHPT patients, including postmenopausal, premenopausal and male patients, we have shown that TBS was in the partially degraded range, but it was not independently associated with fractures.
  • Editorial

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A

    Prevention of Falls and Fractures - To „D” or Not to „D”?

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 235-237 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.235

  • Case Report

    Constantinescu M, Bartos D, Grigorie D, Ghiorghe S, Badila E, Tarziu C

    Persistent hypertension associated with hypokalemia and hypothyroidism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2010 6(2): 257-261 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2010.257

    Background. The association between high blood pressure and hypokalemia is usually caused by primary or secondary hyperaldosteronism. Recent studies indicate that\r\nprimary hyperaldosteronism is a much more common cause of hypertension than had been previously demonstrated. Arterial hypertension is often present in hypothyroid patients, but almost never associated with hypokalemia.\r\nCase report. We report the case of a 69 years old male admitted for shortness of breath, inferior limbs edema and fatigue. From his medical history we mention: essential\r\narterial hypertension (for about 25 years), ischaemic coronary artery disease (for 20 years), for which he underwent PTCA (two years ago), atrial fibrillation electrically converted to sinus rhythm (a year a ago). Despite taking four antihypertensive drugs his blood pressure was far from being controlled. Blood analysis revealed an important hypopotasemia (K 2.4mmol/l) and consequently the loop diuretic was replaced with a potassium-sparing diuretic. The measured proved to be unsuccessful and potassium supplements had to be\r\nadded, but with modest results (K 2.94mmol/l). Further specific investigations revealed almost normal levels of aldosteron, low renin, normal cortisol. Associated was a high Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Computer tomografy (CT) showed bilateral suprarenal glands adenomas.\r\nConsidering the laboratory findings, we interpret the case as a primary hyperaldosteronism and a successful treatment with spironolactone was initiated.
  • Editorial

    Grigorie D

    Hip Fracture Epidemiology in Romania and the Development of the Romanian FRAX Model

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(2): 263-266 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.263

  • Editorial

    Grigorie D

    Do You Frax?

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2012 8(2): 265-266 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2012.265