The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Oprea OR, Barbu SV, Kodori DR, Dobreanu M

    Recall Rate in Congenital Hypothyroidism Screening: Influence of the Day of Sample Collection and Lower Cutoff

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(1): 22-25 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.22

    Introduction. The recall rate in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) newborn screening programs depends on several factors such as primary screening strategy, sample collection guidelines, and cut-off. A recall rate of 0.05% is recommended but recall rates of 0.01-13% are reported worldwide. Objective. The aim of the study was to assess the recall rate in association with the age of the newborn at sample collection and with a lower cut-off. Design. This was a retrospective correlational study concerning TSH results in CH screening program. Subjects and methods. All newborns from a tertiary center in Targu Mures, Romania between 2013-2018 were included. Four groups were created and a correlation test between TSH median value and age in days was performed. The recall rate was calculated using three cut-off levels for 8182 TSH results performed in 2018. Results. 90% of the DBS were collected in days 3-5 after birth and 1/79 live births from this group had TSH above the lower cut-off used (10 mUI/L). 2% of the samples were collected in less than 48 hours after birth and 1/21 live birth from this group had TSH > 10 mUI/L. The recall rate in our center in 2018 was 0.08%, higher than the recommended rate of 0.05%. With the cut-off value recommended by the Health Ministry a 0.03% recall rate was obtained. Conclusions. Sample collection in less than 48 hours increases the recall rate in CH screening with TSH primary testing strategy. A lower cut-off raises the recall rate with a higher rate of false-positive cases (94.12%) but with 100% negative predictive value.
  • Clinical review/Extensive clinical experience

    Cvasciuc IT, Gull S, Oprean R, Lim KH, Eatock F

    Changing Pattern of Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma in a Stable UK Population

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(1): 78-85 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.78

    Context. Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PCC/PGLs) are diagnosed variously with increasing incidence and changing clinical and pathology pattern. Objective. The aim was to further characterize PCC/PGLs in a stable population. Methods. A retrospective, single institution study analysed adrenalectomies for PCC/PGLs between January 2010 - January 2019. Demographics, symptoms, blood pressure, preoperative hormones, imaging, histology, hospital stay, complications and three subgroups [based on the modality of diagnosis - incidentaloma group (IG), genetic group (GG) and symptomatic group (SG)] were noted. Results. 86 patients included IG 51 (59.3%), GG 10 (11.62%) and SG 25 patients (29.06%). Incidence was 5.30 cases/1 million population. 33.34% of the IG had a delayed diagnosis with a mean interval of 22.95 months (4- 120 months). Females presented more often with paroxysmal symptoms (PS) (p=0.011). Patients with PS and classic symptoms were younger (p=0.0087, p=0.0004) and those with PS required more inotropes postoperatively (p=0.014). SG had higher preoperative hormone levels (p=0.0048), larger tumors (p=0.0169) and more likely females. GG are younger compared with those from the IG (p=0.0001) or SG (p= 0.178). Conclusion. Majority of patients had an incidental and delayed diagnosis. If symptomatic, patients are more likely to be young females with higher hormone levels and larger tumors.
  • Case Series

    Ilie I, Ciubotaru V, Tulin A, Hortopan D, Caragheorgheopol A, Purice M, Neamtu C, Elian VI, Banica A, Oprea L, Musat M

    The Multifarious Cushing’s – Lessons from a Case Series

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(2): 261-269 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.261

    Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome is rare, with an incidence of 0.7–2.4 per a million people a year. Clinical presentation of Cushing syndrome can be pleomorphic, and establishing diagnosis can be difficult. Early recognition and rapid control of hypercortisolaemia are necessary to decrease morbidity and mortality in these patients. We report a series of 6 endogenous Cushing’s syndromes of different etiologies (4 Cushing’s disease and 2 adrenal Cushing’s syndrome) assessed in our endocrine department over a decade (2009-2019). In order to highlight the diversity of clinical forms, diagnostic tools and specific management of this condition we labelled each case suggestively: the typical Cushing’s disease, the Pseudo Cushing’s, the elusive Cushing’s disease, the mild autonomous cortisol hypersecretion, Cushing’s syndrome in pregnancy and Cushing’s disease with thromboembolism. We discussed their particularities which were revelatory for the diagnosis, such as dermatologic, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, neuropsychiatric, or reproductive signs, reviewing literature for each manifestation. We also discuss the commonalities and differences in laboratory and imagistic findings. Therapeutic approach can also differ with respect to the particular condition of each patient and the multiple choices of therapy will be reviewed.
  • Endocrine Care

    Ionescu EV, Tica I, Oprea C, Iliescu DM, Petcu LC, , Iliescu MG

    Adiponectin Correlation with Bioclinical Benefits of Using Natural Therapeutic Factors in Knee Osteoarthritis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2017 13(3): 308-313 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.308

    Context and objective. The new insights in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) reveal the implications of adipocytokines. This study aims to analyze the correlations between the serum value of adiponectin and the clinical rehabilitation effects in patients diagnosed with knee OA, admitted and treated in the complex balneal resort of Techirghiol lake. Subjects and methods. The prospective randomized clinical study included 23 patients in the study group, diagnosed with knee OA according to ACR criteria, and a matching control group of 23 subjects. Serum level of adiponectin (using ELISA technique), uric acid, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDLcholesterol and clinical response using a visual analog scale (VAS) were evaluated in all patients on their admission day and after 10 days of balneal treatment. Control group benefited from the same procedures except for cold mud therapy and mineral water baths. Results. Plasma adiponectin levels (23.73±6.44 ng/dL) were statistically higher (p<0.05) in the study group compared to the control group (18.15±6.49 ng/dL). The mean VAS in both groups was decreased (p<0.005) compared to the initial moment. Conclusions. Cold peloidotherapy combined with physical therapy and balneal factors induces serum adiponectin elevation and improves knee pain in OA. Therapeutic properties of Techirghiol mud still need further research.
  • General Endocrinology

    Anderson H, Lim KH, Simpson D, Gull S, Oprean R, Lee F, Kakos C, Cvasciuc IT

    Correlation between Biochemical Features and Outcomes of Preoperative Imaging (SPECT-CT And Ultrasound) in Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(3): 323-330 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.323

    Background. Primary hyperparathyroidism is the third most common endocrine disorder, diagnosed by elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) in hypercalcaemia. Several biochemical factors have been described to suggest severity of disease and may be correlated with preoperative imaging. Methods. This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent parathyroidectomy over a 3-year period. Preoperative calcium, PTH, vitamin D levels, ALP (alkaline phosphatase), vitamin D, serum phosphate and US and SPECT-CT positivity was noted. Results. 176 patients underwent parathyroidectomy and these were divided into 4 groups based on preoperative calcium. Overall, 61% of patients showed concordance between imaging and operative findings. Severe hypercalcaemia was associated with higher PTH levels, lower vitamin D levels, an increased rate of abnormal ALP levels, lower phosphate, male gender and highest rate of imaging concordance. Imaging positivity was associated with severe hypercalcaemia and elevated PTH levels. Level of PTH >125 pmol/L and hypercalcaemia >2.8 mmol/L are the most accurate cut-off levels for scan positivity. Conclusion. Biochemical factors associated with severity of the disease are directly correlated with positivity of preoperative imaging while ALP and vitamin D did not influence the preoperative imaging positivity but are associated with disease adversity. Serum phosphate level independently predicted results of parathyroid US.