The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Case Report

    Piskinpasa H, Ciftci Dogansen S, Kusku Cabuk F, Guzey D, Sahbaz NA, Akdeniz YS, Mert M

    Bilateral Adrenal and Testicular Mass in a Patient with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(1): 113-117 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.113

    Introduction. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) autosomal recessive disorders characterized by impaired adrenal steroid hormone synthesis. The most common form is 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD). Testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) are benign intratesticular masses that occur in male patients with CAH. TARTs are quite common in patients with 21OHD who were diagnosed late. Case report. A 41-year-old male patient with CAH secondary to 21OHD. The patient was referred to our endocrinology department from the andrology clinic for bilateral adrenal masses. Bilateral orchiectomy had been performed due to bilateral testicular masses and azoospermia two years ago. The pathology was reported as Leydig cell tumor. In hormonal assessment, baseline cortisol levels were low, 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels with baseline and after cosyntropin stimulation test were high. As a result of clinic and laboratory assessment, the patient was diagnosed with simple virilising CAH due to 21OHD and adrenal insufficiency. Then, prednisolone replacement was initiated. Bilateral orchiectomy tissue blocks of the patient were reassessed and were considered TART. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral adrenal masses with 88x55 mm on the right and 41x22 mm on the left. Laparoscopic right adrenalectomy was applied and pathology was reported as myelolipoma. Follow-up of the mass on the left adrenal gland is ongoing. The patient is monitored under prednisolone and testosterone replacement therapy. Early diagnosis of CAH is very important because of the complications it causes. It should be considered especially for bilateral testicular and/ or adrenal masses. Both fertility and adrenal glands can be protected with an early diagnosis and an early glucocorticoid replacement.
  • Editorial

    Piskinpasa H, Dogansen SC, Metin D, Gumusoglu AY, Altinay S, Sipahi M, Dogan B, Apaydin S

    Is There a Relationship Between Tuberous Sclerosis Complex and Insulinoma?

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2022 18(3): 350-354 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.350

    Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an inherited neurocutaneous disease characterized by multiple hamartomas in multiple organs. However, there is limited evidence about neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in patients with TSC, and routine screening of NETs is not recommended in the guidelines. Insulinomas are also an extremely rare disease. According to our knowledge, we presented the 10th TSC patient diagnosed with insulinoma in the literature. Thirty-two years old male patient diagnosed with TSC at the age of 27 due to typical skin findings, renal angiomyolipoma, history of infantile seizures, and cranial involvement was referred to our clinic. The main symptoms of the patient were palpitations, diaphoresis, confusion, and symptoms were improved after consuming sugary foods. Seventy-two hours fasting test was performed, and a low glucose level at 41 mg/dl, a high insülin level at 21.65 μIU/mL, and a high C-peptide level at 7.04 ng/mL were found at the 8th hour. In addition, a 12x7 mm lesion in the pancreatic tail was detected in abdominal imaging. Ga-68 PET-CT (gallium-68 positron emission tomographycomputed tomography) detected an increased uptake of Ga-68 in the pancreatic tail. The patient underwent distal pancreatectomy, and pathological evaluation was consistent with an insulinoma. The patient’s symptoms improved postoperatively. Since in nearly all TSC cases, as in our case, neuropsychiatric abnormalities, such as epilepsy, are one of the main disease manifestations, and these symptoms may be confused with the clinical manifestations of hypoglycemia in insulinoma. Therefore, patients with newly developed neurological symptoms and behavioral defects should be evaluated in terms of insulinoma.