The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

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  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A, Ivan M, Neacsu E, Popa O, Diaconescu A

    High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in 1048 Romanian women with postmenopausal osteoporosis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2008 4(1): 33-45 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2008.33

    Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common medical problems worldwide as they\r\nare quite prevalent in both healthy adults and individuals with osteoporosis, hospitalized patients\r\nand free-living and institutionalized elderly. The lack of serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD)\r\nassays standardization, variability of reference population, and the use of different cut-off points\r\nhave produced quite different prevalence reports from epidemiological studies.\r\nWe investigated the vitamin D status (deficiency, insufficiency, sufficiency) in 1048\r\nRomanian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis referred to our clinic for diagnosis and\r\ntreatment in the last three years. Most patients were untreated with osteoporosis drugs and nonsupplemented\r\nwith vitamin D. In our country dietary sources of vitamin D are scarce and there\r\nis no fortification of food with vitamin D. We found a high prevalence of both vitamin D\r\ndeficiency (25OHD < 10 ng/mL) - 22.23% and insufficiency (25OHD=10-30 ng/mL) - 61.26%.\r\nOur study also revealed a high prevalence of low vitamin D when using other cut-offs as reported\r\nin the literature. 83.49% had values lower than 30 ng/mL and 60.97% lower than 20 ng/mL. In\r\nthis study we identified a serum 25OHD concentration of 35 ng/mL above which serum\r\nparathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration attains a plateau at about 35 pg/mL. The relation\r\nbetween serum PTH and 25OHD concentration was non-linear and a log-log diagram showed a\r\nvery weak correlation. The prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism was 32.25% in the\r\nwhole population studied. It ranged from 40% in the subgroup of serum 25OHD less than 10\r\nng/mL to less than 15% in patients with 25OHD higher than 30 ng/mL.\r\nIn conclusion, in a representative osteoporosis population from Romania we found a very\r\nhigh prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency whatever the cut-off used for\r\ndefinition.
  • Case Report

    Grigorie D, Buslei R., Sucaliuc A., Fahlbusch R

    Gonadotroph Adenoma with Increased Serum Gonadotropin Levels in a Patient with Longstanding Klinefelter Syndrome

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(1): 121-127 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.121

    Prolonged target gland failure causes pituitary hyperplasia, but rarely, secondary hyperplasias develop into autonomous neoplasms. We report herein a rare example of gonadotroph adenoma arising in a patient with prolonged hypogonadism due to Klinefelter syndrome. A pituitary macroadenoma with suprasellar extension was discovered incidentally by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in search for the cause of chronic saliva retention. His pre-operative serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and mostly follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were distinctly higher than normal, as expected, but the levels decreased after complete removal of the tumor, suggesting partial secretion of gonadotropins by the tumor. The surgically removed tissue showed a typical pituitary adenoma with distinct immunoreactivity for FSH (intense, homogeneous) and LH (scattered). In the fragmented parts of adjacent gland tissue, no hormone producing cell hyperplasia or presence of gonadal deficiency cells were detectable. In conclusion, our case is the description of a rare example of gonadotropin producing pituitary adenoma (FSH and LH) with increased serum levels of both gonadotropins in a patient with untreated Klinefelter syndrome.
  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Coles D, Sucaliuc A

    Trabecular Bone Score (Tbs) Has a Poor Discriminative Power for Vertebral Fractures in 153 Romanian Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 208-212 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.208

    Context. Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) has been recently proposed as a good tool to investigate secondary osteoporosis. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess TBS from spine DXA images in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and look at its correlates. Subjects and Methods. 153 patients, mean age 59.1 ± 12.1 yrs, females and males (10%), mean BMI 26.2 ± 4.8 kg/m2, mean serum calcium and PTH of 11.3 ± 1.2 mg/dL and 232 ± 329 pg/mL, respectively; 89% had osteoporosis/ osteopenia by LS DXA and 46% had renal involvement. There were 7.6% patients with vertebral fractures, 13.2% patients with nonvertebral fractures. TBS indices were derived from LS-DXA images and cutoff points used were those previously reported. Results. Mean TBS was in the partially degraded range (1.258 ± 0.115); 32% of patients had degraded microarchitecture (TBS ≤ 1.20), 51% had partially degraded microarchitecture (TBS > 1.20 and < 1.35) and 17% had normal TBS. TBS was significantly correlated with areal BMD both at the LS (r=0.544; p<0.001) and FN (r = 0.315; p < 0.001), and negatively with age (r= - 0.354; p < 0.001) and years since menopause - YSM (r = - 0.257, p = 0.005). Patients with vertebral fractures had mean values of TBS in the degraded range, significantly lower than those without vertebral fractures (1.173 ± 0.076 vs. 1.263 ± 0.115; p = 0.006). The presence of vertebral fracture was independently associated only with YSM (OR = 1.131, 95% CI = 0.032 – 0.214, p = 0.008) but not with TBS. Conclusions. In a cohort of symptomatic PHPT patients, including postmenopausal, premenopausal and male patients, we have shown that TBS was in the partially degraded range, but it was not independently associated with fractures.
  • Editorial

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A

    Prevention of Falls and Fractures - To „D” or Not to „D”?

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 235-237 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.235

  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A

    A Single-Dose, Open-Label, Prospective Clinical Study of Denosumab in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(3): 396-403 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.396

    Background. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of denosumab on bone mineral density (BMD), bone turnover markers and serum calcium in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and osteoporosis. Methods. Seven consecutive patients with PHPT were administered a single subcutaneous injection of denosumab, 60 mg. The subjects were followed up to 6 months: serum calcium on days 1,3,7,14,30 and at 3 months and 6 months; serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), C-telopeptide (CTX) and N-mid osteocalcin at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. BMD by DXA, at the femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS), were measured at baseline and at 6 months. Results. The patients (mean age= 69.8 yrs, range 62-81) had mild PHPT (mean total calcium = 10.8 mg/dL; mean PTH = 148.9 pg/mL); all had osteoporosis and four were currently treated with various bisphosphonates (BP). After 6 months mean LS BMD increased significantly by 4.5 % (p = 0.04) and mean FN BMD by 2.4% (p= 0.09 two-tailed; p = 0.047 one-tailed). Serum CTX decreased significantly by 90% at 3 months (p = 0.04), and by 48% at 6 months (p = 0.02); the similar changes for serum osteocalcin were 41% and 42% (p = 0.07, onetailed), respectively. In the first two weeks, serum total Ca variably decreased vs. baseline (0.5 to 2.8 mg/dL) in six out of seven patients. After 6 months mean total serum Ca nonsignificantly increased vs. baseline (11.4 mg/dL vs. 10.8 mg/dL, p = 0.1). Serum iPTH levels did not significantly change at both 3 and 6 months; after 6 months there was a trend toward decreased values (p = 0.03 onetailed). Conclusion. Denosumab increased BMD at both lumbar spine and femoral neck, and significantly decreased bone resorption in patients with PHPT. The effects on hypercalcemia were mild and transient, with a numerical increase after 6 months.
  • Book Review

    Sucaliuc A

    The Parathyroids Basic and Clinical Concepts

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(3): 415-415 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.415

  • Case Report

    Grigorie D, Constantini A, Sucaliuc A

    Suspected Non-LRP5 Mutation Associated with High Bone Mass Unaltered by Concurrent Symptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism of Long Duration

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2016 12(4): 461-464 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.461

    Background. Unexplained high bone mass (HBM) (Bone Mineral Density-BMD Z-score at the lumbar spine or hip of ≥+3.2 SD, or a combined spine and hip Z score ≥4 SD) after routine bone densitometry occurs with a prevalence of approximately 2 out of 1.000 and is currently believed to be a mild form of skeletal dysplasia (1). Results. We present the case of a patient with unexplained HBM (Z-scores at L3, L1-L4, total hip and radius total were +3, +2.7, +2 and +1.8, respectively) and concurrent symptomatic primay hyperparathyroidism (total serum calcium 11.9 mg/dL, serum Parathyroid Hormone - PTH 189.3 pg/mL) of long duration. There were no significant BMD changes at any skeletal site after the surgical cure of hyperparathyroidism. Testing for LRP (low density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins) 5 gene mutations was negative. Conclusions. We presented an unusual case of the association of a HBM with primary hyperparathyroidism with resistance to the catabolic action of PTH. In spite of the negative result of LRP5 testing we do believe that a mutation of a gene involved in the Wnt pathway in bone is responsible.
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Danila OO, Hortopan D, Sucaliuc A, , Badiu C

    Euthyroid Exophthalmia in a Patient with Chronic Rhinosinusitis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(4): 562-562 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.562

  • Book Review

    Sucaliuc A

    Romanian textbook of metabolic diseases (in Romanian)

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2010 6(4): 577-577 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2010.577

  • Case Report

    Grigorie D, Ioachim D, Stanescu B, Caragheorgheopol A, Sucaliuc A

    Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy with PTH Measurement for Confirmation of Parathyroid Adenoma. Case Report

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(4): 678-686 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.678

    Background. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is caused most commonly by a solitary adenoma and less commonly by multiglandular hyperplasia of the parathyroid glands (MGD). Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) has become a frequently used strategy, but there are limitations to current preoperative localization techniques. Results. We report the case of a patient, 63 years old, female, with clinical and biochemical features of primary hyperparathyroidism (total serum calcium: 10.1mg/dL; PTH: 171pg/mL). Neck ultrasonography (USG) revealed a mixed hypoechoic tumor along the posterior aspect of the left thyroid lobe of 1.54x0.78 cm, being difficult to say if it was intrathyroidal or not. There was only minimal residual uptake in the left thyroid lobe at 4 h on Tc99m sestamibi imaging. She underwent USG-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the suspected tumor followed by PTH measurement from the needle washing (FNA-PTH). The cytology was non-diagnostic but the level of PTH in the aspirated fluid was 10.000 pg/ mL. The patient underwent an en bloc resection of the left thyroid lobe and the tumor, which was curative, as calcium (8.9 mg/dL) and PTH (25.52 pg/mL) decreased from the first day after surgery. Histopathology of the surgical specimen revealed a left parathyroid adenoma made of chief cells and included in the thyroid capsule together with the entire left thyroid lobe. Conclusion. This case report highlights the importance of FNA-PTH in the localization of functionally parathyroid tissue in difficult cases, where a clear target exists.