The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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    Urbanovych AM, Laniush F, Borovets M, Kozlovska K

    Coronavirus as a Trigger of Graves’ Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(3): 413-415 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.413

    Context. SARS-CoV-2 infection was declared a pandemic in 2020 and affected millions of people worldwide. Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 receptors, through which coronavirus enters the cells of different organs, have been detected in the thyroid gland. The most common cause of thyrotoxicosis is Graves’ disease in which thyroid-receptors antibodies (TRAb) stimulate the TSH receptor, increasing thyroid hormone production and release. Case presentation. A 22-year-old woman had symptoms of palpitation, tremor, muscle weakness, anxiety and sleep disturbance. 3 weeks before the onset of these symptoms, the patient suffered from COVID-19, which lasted 14 days and was characterized by a course of moderate severity with fever up to 38˚C, general weakness without shortness of breath. The patient had no pre-existing thyroid problems. Her TSH was <0.01 mU/L, FT4, FT3 and TRAb were increased. Antithyroid drugs, glucocorticosteroids and β-blockers were prescribed. During 3 months of treatment doses of methimazole, methylprednisolone and bisoprolol were gradually reduced due to the improvement of the patient’s condition and thyroid tests normalization. Conclusions. COVID-19 infection can cause Graves’ disease and thyrotoxicosis. The onset of this disease after SARS-CoV-2 does not depend on the presence of preexisting thyroid pathology and requires the appointment of glucocortisteroids.