The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • General Endocrinology

    Kobylinska L, Panaitescu AM, Gabreanu G, Anghel CG, Mihailescu I, Rad F, Nedelcu C, Mocanu I, Constantin C, Badescu SV, Dobrescu I, Neagu M, Geic OI, Zagrean L, Zagrean AM

    Plasmatic Levels of Neuropeptides, Including Oxytocin, in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Correlate with the Disorder Severity

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(1): 16-24 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.16

    Context. Oxytocin has been investigated as a potential medication for psychiatric disorders. Objective and design. This study prospectively investigates correlations between oxytocin and other neuropeptides plasma levels in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) according to severity and treatment, as compared to controls. Subjects and methods. Thirty-one children (6 neurotypical as control) participated in this study. The patients were classified into mildly and severely-affected, according to Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) scores. Oxytocin, orexin A and B, α-MSH, β-endorphins, neurotensin and substance P were investigated using a quantitative multiplex assay or a competitive-ELISA method. Results. Plasma oxytocin levels differed between the groups (F (2, 24) =6.48, p=0.006, η2=0.35, observed power=86%): patients with the mild ASD had higher values of plasma oxytocin than those with the severe form (average difference=74.56±20.74pg/mL, p=0.004). Conclusions. These results show a negative correlation between plasma levels of oxytocin and the severity of ASD and support the involvement of oxytocinergic mechanisms in ASD.
  • General Endocrinology

    Rosca A, Badiu C., Uscatescu V., Mirica R., Bragam R., Pavel B., Zagrean L

    Effect of chronic administration of anabolic androgenic steroids and taurine on platelet aggregation in rats

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2013 9(1): 33-38 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.33

    Background. The pro-thrombotic potential of the anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), worldwide misused substances, has increasingly become a subject of current interest. Conversely, taurine, a sulfur-amino acid ubiquitous in human body, in addition to other beneficial effects, is thought to have an inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation. Purpose. To assess platelet aggregation both taurine and high doses of AAS were simultaneously chronically administered in rats. Methods. The experiment was conducted on 40 male Wistar rats, divided into 4 equal groups: control (C) – no treatment; AAS (A) – treated with 10 mg/kg/week of nandrolone decanoate (DECA); taurine (T) – daily treated with oral supplementation of 2% taurine in drinking water; androgen and taurine group (AT) – concomitant administration of DECA and taurine. After 12 weeks of treatment, blood samples were collected and platelet aggregation induced by ADP was performed using the turbidimetric method. Results. The platelet aggregation magnitude was significantly higher (p<0.001) in group A (62.1±6.10%) than in group C (47.8±5.39%), while in group T (40.3±6.49%) it was significantly lower (p=0.04). Moreover, the platelet aggregation response was significantly lower in group AT (54.5±6.38%) than in group A (p=0.04), without a significant difference between group AT and group C (p=0.08). Conclusion. Our findings provide additional evidence regarding harmful potential of high doses of DECA, chronically administered. The increased platelet aggregation induced by AAS may be decreased by diet supplementation with taurine.
  • Notes & Comments

    Kobylinska L, Ghita MA, Caruntu C, Gabreanu G, Tataru CP, Badescu SV, Geicu O, Neagu M, Constantin C, Dobrescu I, Zagrean L

    Preliminary Insights in Oxytocin Association with the Onset of Diabetic Neuropathy

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2017 13(2): 249-253 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.249

    Diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders, associating numerous somatic and behavioral modifications. Oxytocin has been widely studied for its involvement in social behavior and psychiatric disorders. This pilot study presents a series of 3 patients with type 1 diabetes and diabetic neuropathy in which the values of plasma oxytocin, neurotensin, β-endorphins, α-MSH, substance P and orexin A were measured in comparison to 3 healthy controls with matching ages. In the diabetic patients group, there was a strong negative correlation between the value of plasma glucose and oxytocin (r=-0.99, p=0.04), respectively neurotensin (r=- 0.99, p=0.03). These values did not correlate in the control group. The results suggest that oxytocin, in conjunction with neurotensin, could be investigated as a potential early detection marker of diabetic neuropathy and, to our knowledge, this is the first report focusing on plasma oxytocin levels in patients with diabetic neuropathy.
  • General Endocrinology

    Badescu SV, Tataru CP, Kobylinska L, Zahiu CD, Georgescu EL,Zagrean L, Zagrean AM

    Chronic Caffeine’s Effects on Behavioural Changes in Streptozotocininduced Diabetic Rats

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2016 12(3): 268-274 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.268

    Context. Memory deficits, anxiety and depression are often associated with diabetes, worsening diabetic patients’ prognosis. Caffeine, a worldwide used psychoactive substance, is a candidate for improving these conditions. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the behaviour in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats and to evaluate the behavioural effects of caffeine administration. Materials and methods. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg BW streptozotocin (n=10), while control rats received the vehicle (n=9). After six weeks, behavioural tests for anxiety, memory and depression were performed: elevated plus maze (EPM) test, novel object recognition (NOR) test and forced swimming test (FST), respectively. The tests were repeated after further 2 weeks of continuous caffeine administration (20 mg/kg BW/day in drinking water). Results. Diabetic rats manifested a high anxiety level, showed by a reduced exploratory activity compared to control rats (p<0.05) and long-term memory impairment, spending more time near the old object in NOR test. Caffeine administered for 2 weeks did not modify glycemic values in either group, and attenuated the behavioural changes observed in the EPM test. Also, in NOR test for long-term memory, caffeine administration induced an increased time spent with the novel object than with the old one in both groups. Conclusions. Our data suggest that chronic caffeine administration has an anxiolytic effect in diabetic rats and improves long-term memory in both diabetic and control rats.
  • Book Review

    Zagrean A

    Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Endocrinology: Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Management 1st Edition

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(2): 274-274 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.274

  • General Endocrinology

    Panaitescu AM, Isac S, Pavel B, Ilie AS, Creanga M, Totan A, Zagrean L, Peltecu G, Zagrean AM

    Oxytocin Reduces Seizure Burden and Hippocampal Injury in a Rat Model of Perinatal Asphyxia

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(3): 315-319 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.315

    Context. Foetal asphyxia, a frequent birth complication, detrimentally impacts the immature brain, resulting in neuronal damage, uncontrolled seizure activity and long-term neurological deficits. Oxytocin, a neurohormone mediating important materno-foetal interactions and parturition, has been previously suggested to modulate the immature brain’s excitability, playing a neuroprotective role. Our aim was to investigate the effects of exogenous oxytocin administration on seizure burden and acute brain injury in a perinatal model of asphyxia in rats. Animals and methods. Asphyxia was modelled by exposing immature rats to a 90-minute episode of low oxygen (9% O2) and high CO2 (20% CO2). Control rats were kept in ambient room-air for the same time interval. In a third group of experiments, oxytocin (0.02 UI/g body weight) was nasally administered 30 minutes before the asphyxia episode. Seizure burden was assessed by the cumulative number of loss of righting reflex (LRR) over a two-hour postexposure period. Acute brain injury was assessed through hippocampal S-100 beta, a biomarker of cellular injury, 24-hours after exposure. Results. Asphyxia increased both LRR and hippocampal S-100 beta protein compared to controls, and these effects were significantly reduced by oxytocin administration. Conclusion. Oxytocin treatment decreased both seizure burden and hippocampal injury, supporting a potential neuroprotective role for oxytocin in perinatal asphyxia.
  • General Endocrinology

    Panaitescu AM, Rotaru D, Ban I, Peltecu G, Zagrean AM

    The Prevalence of Underweight, Overweight and Obesity in a Romanian Population in the First Trimester of Pregnancy – Clinical Implications

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(3): 323-332 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.323

    Context. Underweight, overweight and obesity are important global public health issues and risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes. Objective. To assess the distribution of the body mass index (BMI) in the Romanian obstetric population in the first trimester of pregnancy and its correlation with pregnancy outcomes. We also report the distribution of blood pressure (BP) parameters and their correlation with BMI. Design. This retrospective study includes 9,064 women attending routine first trimester visit and ultrasound scan at 12.8(±0.6) gestational weeks. Characteristics, parity, method of conception, blood pressure (from 3,650 women), maternal weight and height, BMI and foetal ultrasound were recorded. Pregnancy outcomes were available for 1,607 deliveries. The Pearson correlation coefficient was assessed for each BMI group vs. blood pressure parameters, gestational age and birth weight. ANOVA analysis and post hoc tests were used to determine group differences. Linear regression was applied to estimate the contribution of BMI and gestational age to birth weight variance. Results. In our population, 66.37% pregnant women had a normal BMI, 19.29% were overweight, and 7.56% were obese. There was a weak-to-medium positive correlation between BMI and blood pressure parameters, for all weight categories. The correlation between maternal BMI and birth weight was positive for normal and overweight. Conclusions. Our findings highlight the need for more effective health strategies targeting reduction of weight-related problems in women of childbearing age.
  • Perspectives

    Cristescu IE, Zagrean L, Balta F, Branisteanu DC

    Retinal Microcirculation Investigation in Type I and II Diabetic Patients Without Retinopathy Using an Adaptive Optics Retinal Camera

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(4): 417-422 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.417

    Context. State of art imaging techniques might be a useful tool to early detect the retinal vessels lesions in diabetes. Objective and design. This analytical observational study investigates the retinal microcirculation changes in type I and II diabetic patients without retinopathy using adaptive optics ophthalmoscopy (AOO) and optical coherence ophthalmoscopy angiography (OCTA). Subjects and methods. Fifty-five subjects were included in this study and were divided in three groups: type I diabetic group (n=16), type II diabetic group (n=19) and control group (n=20). An adaptive optics retinal camera was used to assess the parameters of the temporal superior retinal arterioles. Moreover, vessel density of the superficial capillary plexus across the parafoveal area was measured with OCT-A. All cases were investigated once, in a cross-sectional design. Results. Diabetic patients from both groups had a higher wall-to-lumen-ratio compared to the controls (p=0.01 and 0.01, respectively). Interestingly, no significant differences were found between the two diabetic groups (p=0.69). Moreover, the vessel density was smaller in the type I diabetic group than in the control group (p=0.001) Conclusion. AOO might be a useful tool to detect early retinal vascular changes in diabetes before any clinical signs and together with OCTA it might bring important information on the prognostic and pathophysiology of the disease.
  • Book Review

    Zagrean L

    Principles of Neural Science

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(3): 529-529 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.529