The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in Web of Science Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

Journal Impact Factor - click here.

April - June 2019, Volume 15, Issue 2

Poiana C, Capatina C

Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (2): 231-236
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.231

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures compared to the general population. The pathogenesis of the elevated fracture risk is multifactorial and still largely elusive. In contrast to primary osteoporosis, in T2DM the bone mineral density (BMD) is increased compared to controls, suggesting that specific alterations in bone quality occur in diabetic patients. Even more, the specific increase in BMD observed in these patients impairs at least in part both the classical diagnosis of osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the current fracture risk estimation by FRAX (fracture risk assessment tool). Trabecular bone score (TBS) and TBS-adjusted FRAX could improve fracture risk estimation in patients with T2DM but improved tools are needed in the future as well as specific risk stratification criteria. Decreases in the fracture risk of patients with T2DM can be obtained by optimal diabetes control and standard treatment of osteoporosis (most drugs appear to have similar efficacy in patients with T2DM and primary osteoporosis).

Keywords: osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, fracture, risk

Correspondence: Cristina Capatina MD, “Carol Davila” University, Endocrinology, 34-36 Aviatorilor blvd., Bucharest, 011863, Romania, E-mail: