The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Dobre R, Niculescu DA, Cirstoiu C, Popescu G, Poiana C

    Osteoporotic Hip Fracture Incidence Rates in the Main Urban Area of Romania

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(1): 60-67 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.60

    Context. Estimation of osteoporotic hip fracture incidence and Romanian FRAX model were based on nationally reported hospital ICD 10 coding admissions of all hip fractures (without a validation process). Objective. We aimed to calculate, based on individual hospital charts analysis, the incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture in the main urban area of Romania and compare it with data reported to the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH). Design. We retrospectively analyzed the charts of all patients (>40 years old) admitted for hip fracture in a 12-month period in hospitals with an Orthopedic Department in Bucharest and surrounding Ilfov County (11.8% of Romania population). Subjects and Methods. All ICD 10 fracture and event/fall codes were validated against the charts. We calculated the age and sex adjusted incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture and used the national reported hip fracture data base for comparison. Results. There were 2203 hip fractures of which 1997 (90.65%) were fragility fractures. The crude incidence of low-energy hip fractures was 171/100,000 (225/100,000 in women, 103/100,000 in men). The incidence rose with age to a maximum rate of 1902/100,000 in women >85 years. The NIPH-reported incidence of hip fracture was 181/100,000 for the region of interest and 176/100,000 at the national level. Conclusion. The incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture was lower than the incidence based on hip fractures reported codes in the national database, but the incidence of fragility fractures calculated by our group was higher than the incidence reported in previous national studies. Nationwide studies are warranted.
  • Editorial

    Poiana C, Niculescu DA, Gharib H

    The First Regional International AACE Chapters’ Meeting

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2016 12(1): 63-64 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.63

  • Case Report

    Poiana C, Carsote M, Popescu A, Hortopan D, Stanescu B, Ioachim D

    Primary hyperparathyroidism associated with cerebral meningiomas - three cases report

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(1): 81-92 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.81

    Meningiomas are the most common benign tumors of the brain, accounting for about 15 to 20% of all primary brain tumors. They are more common in females than in males and are most likely found in the sixth and seventh decades. Meningiomas arise from leptomeninges. Even the hyperostosis of the overlying skull occurs in 15-20% of cases and most of them have the tendency to calcify. The biological one can find hypercalcemia in a patient with cerebral meningioma, only if it associates other diseases like hyperparathyroidism. Between January 2000 and December 2006, in the Department of Pituitary and Neuroendocrine Pathology of the “C.I.Parhon” Institute of Endocrinology, Bucharest there have been admitted 29 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, 7 males and 22 females. From the 22 women with primary hyperparathyroidism, 3 cases presented multiple endocrine neoplasia type I and 19 sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. In the same period of time we found in 3 of these cases the association between sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism and cerebral meningiomas. We present the cases of three female patients of 56, 55, respectively 58 years old, diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism during the follow-up for nontoxic goiter. Two of them were known with cerebral meningiomas, unsuccessfully surgically approached, while the third one was newly diagnosed with meningioma, based on neuroimaging. There are a couple of studies regarding the association between cerebral meningiomas and the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1), but we found in the literature only three cases of both cerebral meningioma and sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. Clinicians should be aware of the possible association between cerebral meningiomas and primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • Clinical review/Extensive clinical experience

    Poiana C, Capatina C, Streinu Cercel A, Sandulescu O, Cercel AS

    Hypovitaminosis D in Hiv-Infected Patients

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(1): 102-106 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.102

    Introduction. Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is highly prevalent worldwide. Aim. To assess the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in HIV-positive Romanian patients compared to controls. Methods. Serum 25OHD concentration was measured in HIV-infected patients and a control sample, matched by age, sex and menopausal status. The 25OHD status was defined as: deficiency < 20 ng/mL (severe deficiency <10 ng/mL), insufficiency 20-30 ng/mL, normal >30 ng/mL. Results. We evaluated 118 HIV-positive patients (72 males, 46 females), aged 36.9±12.2 years. 98.14% of them were on complex antiviral regimens. The B/C hepatitis coinfection rate was 9.3%. The control sample consisted of 119 subjects, (74 males, 45 women). The median and interquartile range for serum 25OHD concentration in patients was 17.6 (9.7, 26.9) ng/mL and 23.7 (18.4, 27.5) ng/mL in controls (p=0.001). Only 15.96% of HIV-positive cases and 12.71% of controls had normal VD status. The percentage of cases with severe VD deficiency was significantly higher in HIV positive cases (23.52%) compared to HIV-negative controls (4.2%, p=0.001). Conclusions. Hypovitaminosis D was identified in 84.04% of HIV-infected patients, but the serum 25OHD concentration was not associated with specific HIV-related factors in our sample. Clinical guidelines regarding VD status determination and supplementation in HIV patients are needed.
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Niculescu D, Dumitrascu A, Neamtu D, Poiana C

    Indolent Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: 18 Years Evolution of Untreated Pulmonary Metastases

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(1): 114-114 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.114

  • General Endocrinology

    Poiana C, Stefanescu AM, Caragheorgheopol A, Badiu C, Galoiu S, Coculescu M

    Blood brain barrier by-pass produced by pituitary adenomas for pituitary peptides does not involve leptin

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2005 1(2): 157-166 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2005.157

    Abstract References
    Introduction: The impaired transport of leptin into the brain through a decreased permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) for leptin in obesity represents one of the important mechanisms involved in leptin resistance which is characteristic in human obesity. Some pituitary tumors can increase the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) permeability for peptides. BCB is a part of BBB.\r\nObjectives: The aim of our study was to search if the by-pass of BCB for pituitary hormones produced by adenomas does influence the transport of leptin into the central nervous system in obese patients.\r\nMaterials and methods: We investigated 20 males with pituitary adenomas: group A (11 patients) had cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to serum ratio more than one for prolactin (PRL) and in some patients for growth hormone (GH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), suggesting an increased permeability of BCB and a control group C (9 patients), which had CSF/serum ratio less than one for GH, PRL or FSH, suggesting an intact BCB. Both A and C groups contain subgroups of patients with obesity (body mass index, BMI>30 kg/m2) and normal body weight (BMI<25 kg/m2). In these patients we measured the CSF to serum leptin ratio in order to clinically evaluate the leptin transport into the brain. Rapid fluoroimmunoassay method with europium was used. Leptin was assayed by ELISA method.\r\nResults: The patients of group A with pituitary adenomas show a higher level of pituitary peptides, PRL and in some cases GH, FSH in CSF as compared to serum (ratio CSF/serum over 1), both in obese and non-obese. By contrast, in the same patients, there is\r\na low level of CSF leptin as compared to serum leptin (ratio CSF/serum less than 1). In the subgroup of obese patients from group A we found even less ratio of CSF to serum leptin, than in non-obese. There is a well known higher leptin concentration in the plasma of obese patients with pituitary adenomas as compared to non-obese ones (26.4?3.8ng/ml vs 12.4?3.4ng/ml, p<0.05). In the control group C, both pituitary peptides (PRL, or GH, FSH) and leptin showed a ratio CSF/serum less than 1, in all patients.\r\nConclusions: These data show a decrease in hemato-encephalic barrier permeability for leptin in obese patients through a specific mechanism, not influenced by other peptides passing through injuries of BBB produced by pituitary adenomas. It is tempting to suggest that there is a specific by-pass of BCB for pituitary peptides, in some pituitary adenomas.
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    8. Poiana C, Cucu M, Stefanescu A, Stoian L. Are plasma leptin levels predictive for the bone mineral density in postmenopausal women? Bone 2005; 36(Suppl 2):S341-S342.
    9. Coculescu M, Gheorghiu M, Galoiu S, Trifanescu R, Caragheorgheopol A, Hortopan D et al. Natural and therapeutically-induced evolution of serum and cerebrospinal fluid pituitary hormones in patients with pituitary adenomas. The XIth Symposium of Psychone
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    18. Coculescu M, Poiana C, Pop A, Oprescu M, Constantinovici A, Simionescu N. Altered specificity of the blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier for pituitary hormones in patients with tumoral hypothalamohypophyseal diseases as proved by releasing hormones stimul
  • Endocrine Care

    Dusceac R, Niculescu DA, Ismail G, Poiana C

    Radius Age-Adjusted Bone Mineral Density is Correlated with Parathyroid Hormone Serum Levels in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(2): 175-179 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.175

    Renal osteodystrophy and low bone mass are frequently found in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Our aim was to identify the independent predictors of age - and sex-adjusted bone mineral density (BMD), measured at different traditional sites, in patients with ESRD treated by hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Patients and Methods. We consecutively assessed 23 patients with ESRD (17 on HD and 6 on PD). Patients treated with 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D, vitamin D derivates (paricalcitol) or calcimimetics were excluded. Serum parathormone and 25OH vitamin D were measured in all patients. In HD patients all biochemical measurements were done in the day between dialysis sesions. BMD was assessed at following sites: femoral neck, total proximal femur, 1/3 radius, ultradistal (UD) radius and total radius. Radial BMD was assessed in the forearm without arteriovenous fistula. BMD Z-score provided by the manufacturer was used. Results. In patiens undergoing PD the femoral neck BMD Z-score was significantly higher than in HD patients (difference -0.77 DS, 95% CI for difference -1.48 to -0.06). PTH correlated significantly with BMD Z-score at the 1/3 (r=-0.664, p<0.001) and total (r=-0.583, p=0.002) radius levels. Total proximal femur and UD radius BMD Z-scores did not correlate with any of the proposed variables. Years of dialysis, 25OH vitamin D and body mass index did not correlate with BMD Z-score at any site. Conclusion. In patients with ESRD PTH correlates strongly with BMD Z-score at cortical sites. PD seems to be less harmful to BMD than HD.
  • Case Report

    Coculescu M, Poiana N, Raducanu-Lichiardopol C, Ionescu M

    Gonadoblastoma in a patient with 46XY gonadal dysgenesis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2006 2(2): 227-238 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2006.227

    We present a 18 year old phenotypic female patient who presented for primary amenorrhea. Pelvic ultrasound revealed a hypoplastic uterus and CT scan showed a hypoplastic right gonad and a left gonadal tumor with extrapelvic location. Karyotype was 46XY. Hormonal assessment indicated hypergonadotropic hypogonadism: FSH was 39.69 mUI/ml, estradiol was 28.07 pg/ml, testosterone was 0.17 ng/ml. DHEA level was high &#8211; 21 ng/ml. Gonadectomy was performed at 15 years and histologic examination diagnosed left gonadoblastoma and right teratoma in a dysgenetic gonad. The patient had a good postoperatory evolution. Menses were induced with estrogenic and then estroprogestogenic treatment. Plastic breast surgery was performed at 18 years. Establishing the genotypic sex in patients with primary amenorrhea represents a crucial step knowing that intersex disorders bearing Y chromosomal material have a high risk for gonadoblastoma and germ cell tumors.
  • Editorial

    Poiana C, Capatina C

    Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(2): 231-236 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.231

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures compared to the general population. The pathogenesis of the elevated fracture risk is multifactorial and still largely elusive. In contrast to primary osteoporosis, in T2DM the bone mineral density (BMD) is increased compared to controls, suggesting that specific alterations in bone quality occur in diabetic patients. Even more, the specific increase in BMD observed in these patients impairs at least in part both the classical diagnosis of osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the current fracture risk estimation by FRAX (fracture risk assessment tool). Trabecular bone score (TBS) and TBS-adjusted FRAX could improve fracture risk estimation in patients with T2DM but improved tools are needed in the future as well as specific risk stratification criteria. Decreases in the fracture risk of patients with T2DM can be obtained by optimal diabetes control and standard treatment of osteoporosis (most drugs appear to have similar efficacy in patients with T2DM and primary osteoporosis).
  • Book Review

    Poiana C

    Male Sexual Dysfunction

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2008 4(2): 233-233 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2008.233