ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

April - June 2020, Volume 16, Issue 2
General Endocrinology


Ren W, Gan D, Tan G, Xue H, Li N, Xu Z

Changes of WNT/B-Catenin Signaling and Differentiation Potential of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Process of Bone Loss in Ovariectomized Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (2): 156-164
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.156

Background. In vitro studies of the changes about osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis potential of BMSCs were not clear. As it is the critical pathway for osteogenic differentiation and bone formation, whether or not Wnt/β- catenin signalling is involved in the changes of osteogenic and adipogenic potential of BMSCs and participates in bone content decrease of ovariectomized (OVX)osteoporosis rats has been rarely reported. Material/Methods. BMSCs from femurs of ovariectomzed rats were isolated and cultured in vitro. The proliferation potential of BMSCs was analysed by CCK-8 assays . Osteoblastic and adipogenic differentiation potential of the BMSCs was assessed by ALP activity assay, Alizarin red S staining, Oil red O staining and RT-PCR analysis. Results. The results demonstrated that BMSCs from bilateral ovariectomization rats were endowed with lower proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation potential but higher adipogenic potential than the control group in vitro. In addition, β-catenin was found to have been decreased in OVX BMSCs, indicating that Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathways were suppressed in OVX BMSCs . Conclusions. Results suggested that changes in the Wnt canonical signalling pathway may be related to imbalances of osteogenic and adipogenic potential of BMSCs, and this may be an important factor related to bone content decrease in ovariectomized osteoporosis rats.

Keywords: Postmenopausal osteoporosis, BMSCs, Wnt/ß-catenin signalling, Osteoblastic differentiation, Adipogenic differentiation

Correspondence: Zhanwang Xu, No. 16369, Jingshi Road, Lixia District, Jinan City, Shandong Province, 250000, China, E-mail: szyjzg@163.com