The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1
Case Report

Ozcabi B, Kirmizibekmez H, Yesiltepe Mutlu G, Dursun F, Guran T

Management of Rapidly Progressive Precocious Puberty in a Patient with Mosaic Turner Syndrome

Acta Endo (Buc) 2021, 17 (1): 101-105
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.101

Context. Rapidly progressive precocious puberty (RPPP) is a rare condition in Turner syndrome (TS), with no consensus on treatment and follow-up. Only 12 cases have been reported so far. Objective. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the GnRH analog (GnRHa) on growth and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in TS and RPPP. Design. The clinical and laboratory data was recorded at baseline and after treatment. Subjects and methods. An 8.1-year old girl with a karyotype of 45, X/46, XX presented with breast development at Tanner stage-2. Breast development advanced to Tanner stage-3 at the age of 8.7 years. Growth velocity (GV) was 8 cm/year. Bone age was 11 years with a predicted adult height of 152 cm. Luteinizing hormone (LH) was 1.69mIU/mL and estradiol was 33pg/mL, confirming the central puberty. AMH level was 6.33ng/mL. The sizes of ovaries and uterus were compatible with the pubertal stage, with an endometrial thickness of 5 mm. GnRHa was started for RPPP. Results. After three months, GV declined to 0 cm/3 months and AMH level to 50% of the baseline. Growth hormone (GH) treatment was started for insufficient growth. GV improved with GH treatment, as well as a far more decreased AMH level. Conclusion. GV usually declines before puberty in patients with TS, even if the mid-parental height is tall. RPPP should be considered if GV is increased. Excessive suppression of growth may be prevented with GH treatment. GnRHa treatment also plays a role in reducing AMH levels in patients with TS.

Keywords: GnRH analog, Rapidly progressive precocious puberty, Turner syndrome.

Correspondence: Bahar Ozcabi, Istanbul Yeni Yuzyil University School of Medicine Gaziosmanpasa Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Çukurçesme Cd. 5 Posta kodu: 34245 Gaziosmanpasa, Istanbul, Turkey, E-mail: