The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Case Report

    Ozcabi B, Kirmizibekmez H, Yesiltepe Mutlu G, Dursun F, Guran T

    Management of Rapidly Progressive Precocious Puberty in a Patient with Mosaic Turner Syndrome

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(1): 101-105 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.101

    Context. Rapidly progressive precocious puberty (RPPP) is a rare condition in Turner syndrome (TS), with no consensus on treatment and follow-up. Only 12 cases have been reported so far. Objective. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the GnRH analog (GnRHa) on growth and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in TS and RPPP. Design. The clinical and laboratory data was recorded at baseline and after treatment. Subjects and methods. An 8.1-year old girl with a karyotype of 45, X/46, XX presented with breast development at Tanner stage-2. Breast development advanced to Tanner stage-3 at the age of 8.7 years. Growth velocity (GV) was 8 cm/year. Bone age was 11 years with a predicted adult height of 152 cm. Luteinizing hormone (LH) was 1.69mIU/mL and estradiol was 33pg/mL, confirming the central puberty. AMH level was 6.33ng/mL. The sizes of ovaries and uterus were compatible with the pubertal stage, with an endometrial thickness of 5 mm. GnRHa was started for RPPP. Results. After three months, GV declined to 0 cm/3 months and AMH level to 50% of the baseline. Growth hormone (GH) treatment was started for insufficient growth. GV improved with GH treatment, as well as a far more decreased AMH level. Conclusion. GV usually declines before puberty in patients with TS, even if the mid-parental height is tall. RPPP should be considered if GV is increased. Excessive suppression of growth may be prevented with GH treatment. GnRHa treatment also plays a role in reducing AMH levels in patients with TS.
  • Case Report

    Ozcabi B, Akay G, Yesil G, Uyur Yalcin E, , Kirmizibekmez H

    A Case of Sotos Syndrome Caused by a Novel Variant in the NSD1 Gene: A Proposed Rationale to Treat Accompanying Precocious Puberty

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(2): 245-249 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.245

    Sotos syndrome is characterized by overgrowth, macrocephaly, distinctive facial features, and learning disabilities and is associated with alterations in the nuclear receptor binding SET domain protein 1 (NSD1) gene. Due to the advanced bone age, the eventual adult height is usually at the upper limit of normal. In this case report, a 6-year and 10-month old boy who presented with Sotos syndrome was described. He also had increased testicular volumes with advanced bone age. The stimulated levels of gonadotropins revealed central precocious puberty and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a pineal cyst. A heterozygous duplication variant [NM_022455.4:c.4560dup; p.(His1521Thrfs*9)] in the NSD1 was identified. Triptorelin acetate treatment was started. The aim was to report the novel duplication variant in the NSD-1 in a patient with Sotos syndrome accompanied by a pineal cyst and central precocious puberty, and also to discuss the rationale for treating precocious puberty.