The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

Wang JL, Sun Y, Wang Y, Wu Y, Liu F

Could Proteinuria Predict the Renal Prognoses of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Nephropathy?

Acta Endo (Buc) 2022, 18 (1): 29-34
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.29

Aims. This study investigated the relationship between proteinuria levels, clinicopathological features, and renal prognoses in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods. Three hundred patients with T2DM and biopsy-proven DN were enrolled. Patients were stratified by 24-h proteinuria levels: Group 1:≤1g/24h); Group 2:1-3g/24h; and Group 3:≥3g/24h. Renal outcomes were defined as having reached end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The proteinuria level’s influence on the renal outcomes was evaluated using Cox regression analysis. Results. Among subgroups stratified by proteinuria levels, systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, BUN, cholesterol, DR and hypertension incidence, the incidences of patients who progressed to ESRD were the lowest in group 1 (P<0.05). However, eGFR, serum albumin and hemoglobin were highest in group 1. Patients with higher proteinuria levels had much lower five-year renal survival rates. Univariate analyses revealed that higher proteinuria levels were significant clinical predictors of renal prognosis (P<0.05), although they were not independent risk factors for progression to ESRD in the multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis (P>0.05). Conclusions. The higher the level of proteinuria, the lower the 5-year renal survival rate of DN patients, but there was no significant correlation between proteinuria level and 5-year renal survival rate. Other factors in the proteinuria group may have more significant effects on the 5-year renal survival rate, such as lower baseline eGFR, serum albumin, hemoglobin and higher cholesterol, higher incidences of DR and more severe lesions.

Keywords: proteinuria, prognoses, clinicopathological features, diabetic nephropathy.

Correspondence: JiaLi Wang MD, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Sichuan, 610041, China, E-mail: