ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Year Volume Issue First page
10.4183/aeb.
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Title
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  • Endocrine Care

    Ozenoglu A, Ugurlu S, Balci H, Can G, Hatemi H

    The effect of a fiber rich dietary product used for the dietary treatment of adult obese women on some biochemical parameters and anthropometric measurements

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(3): 315-322 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.315

    Abstract
    This study was performed to search the effect of a fiber rich dietary product on anthropometric measurements and some biochemical parameters of obese adult women. A total of 25 adult women (12 were in study and 13 were in control group, all randomly selected) volunteered in this study. At the beginning of the study, height, weight, waist and hip circumferences of all women were measured, and blood samples were collected for fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C levels. Patients having endocrine and metabolic disturbances and who need to use anti-obesity medications were not enrolled. A low calorie weight losing diet consisting of 50-55% carbohydrate, 15-20% protein and <30% fat was given to all cases, but women in the study group were given a specific dietary product rich in apple and wheat fiber as an exchange of one slice of bread every day. Patients were checked monthly with respect to their weight loss and diet adhesion during the three months of treatment period. Although biochemical parameters did not show any significant differences between the two groups at the beginning of the study, FBG and insulin levels were significantly lower in the study group than in the control group at the end of the treatment period. There were also significant decreases in insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol and VLDL-C levels in the study group after 3 months of treatment, but not in the control group. Women in both groups lost weight, and their waist and hip circumferences decreased significantly. This concludes that the fiber rich, fat, sugar and salt free dietary product could be a useful dietary treatment not only in obesity, but also in dislipidemia and insulin resistant states.
  • Endocrine Care

    Yilmaz N, Tazegul G, Sari R, Avsar E, Altunbas H, Balci MK

    Effectiveness of Unilateral Adrenalectomy in Bilateral Adrenal Incidentaloma Patients with Subclinical Hypercortisolemia

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(4): 479-485 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.479

    Abstract
    Objective. Unilateral adrenalectomy (UA) is an alternative for treatment in bilateral adrenal incidentaloma (AI) to avoid possible long-term risks of bilateral adrenalectomy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of UA in bilateral AI patients with subclinical hypercortisolemia (SH). Method. A total of 35 patients were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups; those who underwent UA (n=27) and patients without adrenalectomy (PWA) (n=8). Hormone tests related to cortisol mechanism were reviewed to analyze results at the time of diagnosis compared to the latest available results to figure out any changes in cortisol mechanism and determine whether SH has recovered or not. Results. Median age of PWA group were higher compared to UA group (p=0.03). Median duration of followup in groups were similar (p=0.3). In the PWA group, none of the patients recovered from hypercortisolemia during their follow-up. In UA group 92.6% of the patients went into remission, whereas during follow-up 3.3% had recurred and another 3.3% were found to have post-adrenalectomy persistent SH. Patients in UA group had lower final cortisol level following dexamethasone suppression (p=0.003) and higher final adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) levels (p=0.001) than patients in PWA group. In UA group, final basal cortisol level (p=0.009) and final cortisol level after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST) (p=0.004) were lower than corresponding levels at the time of diagnosis. Discussion. Our study demonstrates unilateral adrenalectomy targeting the side with the larger lesion is an effective approach to reduce excess cortisol levels in bilateral AI patients with SH.