The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Rusu F, Rusu E, Radulian G, Enache G, Jinga M, Rusu A, Jinga V, Codreanu O, Mischianu D, Cheta D

    Screening for Prostatic Tumors in Metabolic Syndrome Patients in Romania

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(1): 47-58 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.47

    Aims. The aims of our study were to assess the prevalence of prostate tumors in patients with metabolic syndrome.\r\nMaterial and methods. Subjects were patients recruited from three medical centers in Bucharest, Romania. For this study we selected men over 45 years of age with metabolic syndrome. The anthropometric measurements included height, weight, waist circumference and hip circumference. We calculated the body mass index (BMI) and measured the\r\nblood pressure. Biochemical tests included fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), TG, HDL-C, fasting plasma insulin (FPI), prostate-specific antigen (PSA)and free-PSA. The prostate gland volume was measured by transrectal ultrasound. The diagnosis of prostatic cancer was based on a positive finding of the histological\r\nexamination obtained from 14-core biopsy.\r\nResults. There was a high prevalence of prostate tumors (benign and malignant) - 82.85% (n=343). Prostate cancer was\r\ndiagnosed in 7.9% of patients (n=33) using DRE, PSA, free PSA/PSA ratio and TRUS. The prevalence of BHP was 74.9% (n=310). The results of the present study indicate that\r\nPSA detects a significant number of prostate tumors missed in DRE. The use of DRE, PSA and TRUS, in combination, provided the highest rate of detection of prostatic tumors in patients with metabolic syndrome without infectious diseases of the prostate.\r\nConclusions. The prevalence of prostatic tumors, prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia in metabolic syndrome patients is high. Due to its increased prevalence, the BPH can be considered as a feature of metabolic syndrome.
  • Case Report

    Botusan IR, Terzea D, Constantin I, Ioachim D, Stanescu B, Enachescu C, Barbu C, Fica SV

    Rare evolution of a papillary thyroid carcinoma dedifferentiated to an anaplastic form with rhabdoid features - case presentation

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2009 5(1): 99-106 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2009.99

    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive type of thyroid\r\ndedifferentiation. Rarely, ATC associates rhabdoid characteristics and only few cases have been\r\npresented to date. We present a case of a thyroid papillary carcinoma which shifted to an\r\naggressive anaplastic form with rhabdoid dedifferentiation and concomitant leukemic reaction\r\nwith eosinophilia. A 76 years old man with a long standing history of a thyroid nodule, noticed\r\nwithin months a rapid growth of the nodule associating marked compression phenomena with\r\nleft deviation of the trachea and esophagus and mild dysphonia. Palliative surgery was\r\nperformed, but the evolution was unfortunate with further health deterioration (fatigue, dyspnea,\r\ndysphagia, loss of appetite and weight loss). Laboratory tests proved leukocytosis with\r\nneutrophilia and left deviation of leukocytes formula, with major eosinophilia. The pathology\r\nshowed a thyroid papillary carcinoma with anaplastic changes. By immunohistochemistry,\r\nit was confirmed the thyroid origin of the tumor (thyreoglobulin positive areas) but also the\r\nepithelial nature of the undifferentiated areas (positive areas for cytokeratin and epithelial\r\nmembrane antigen). Moreover, in the anaplastic areas, rhabdoid differentiation was\r\nidentified by positive coloration against vimentin, protein S100 and desmin. The tumor was\r\naggressive by its anaplastic transformation, confirmed by a high proliferation index (Ki67:\r\n40% positive). The computed tomography was concordant with the phenotype predicted by\r\nhistological description showing a malignant thyroid tumor, invading cervical and mediastinal\r\nareas with secondary lung disseminations. Unfortunately, the outcome was fatal even though\r\nadditional treatment methods have been tried: radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The\r\nparticularities of this case reside in the very rare dedifferentiation of a papillary thyroid\r\ncarcinoma towards an anaplastic thyroid carcinoma harboring the rhabdoid phenotype and\r\nalso its association with eosinophilia.
  • Letter to the Editor

    Enache G, Rusu E, Ilinca A, Rusu F, Costache A, Jinga M, Panus C, Radulian G

    Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in a Roma Population from Southern Romania - Calarasi County

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(1): 122-130 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.122

    Introduction. The prevalence of obesity has reached alarming levels in the European Union, including in Romania. Data on the prevalence of obesity is only available at the national populational level, but this may hide the increased levels in disadvantaged groups. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Roma population in Southern Romania. Material and method. This cross-sectional, epidemiological, non-interventional study was conducted from March 2014 to May 2017 in several settlements from Calarasi County. Screening procedures included interviews about medical history, lifestyle, anthropometric and clinical measurements and fasting capillary glucose. Results. The study population consisted of 1120 adult subjects, of which 735 Roma. In Roma population group, the prevalence of underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity was 4.5% (n=33), 25% (n=184), 25.3% (n=186) and 45.2% (n=332) respectively. In Romanian Caucasians group, the prevalence of underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity was 2.3% (n=9), 20% (n=77), 33.8% (n=130) and 43.9% (n=169) respectively. Among the Romanian Caucasians significant predictors of obesity were a sedentary lifestyle and current smoking. The odds of being obese in Roma population were higher in sedentary lifestyle persons and lower in current smokers, with primary education, and in those living in rural settlements. The family history of obesity had a significant association with obesity only in Roma population. Conclusions. Our results confirm the need to implement prevention programs in high-risk populations due to the double burden of malnutrition, lack of medical education and preventive healthcare, low socio-economic level.
  • Case Report

    Ioan DM, Enache N

    Alpha thalassemia-mental retardation X-linked syndrome. Report on two affected brothers

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(2): 209-213 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.209

    We report ATR/X syndrome in two brothers aged 11 months and 6 years respectively. They were born to young, normal and nonconsanguineous parents, and belong to a sibship of five, the other three sisters being normal and healthy. The diagnosis was suspected on particular craniofacial dysmorphism associated with mental retardation (profound in the older brother and moderate in the younger). Hematological investigations and in particular the presence of HbH inclusions in the red cells (α-thalassemia) were conclusive for the diagnosis. The presence of 1% of HbH inclusions in the red cells of the mother and the pedigree analysis confirmed the X-linked inheritance.