ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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10.4183/aeb.
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  • Endocrine Care

    Dobre R, Niculescu DA, Cirstoiu C, Popescu G, Poiana C

    Osteoporotic Hip Fracture Incidence Rates in the Main Urban Area of Romania

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(1): 60-67 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.60

    Abstract
    Context. Estimation of osteoporotic hip fracture incidence and Romanian FRAX model were based on nationally reported hospital ICD 10 coding admissions of all hip fractures (without a validation process). Objective. We aimed to calculate, based on individual hospital charts analysis, the incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture in the main urban area of Romania and compare it with data reported to the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH). Design. We retrospectively analyzed the charts of all patients (>40 years old) admitted for hip fracture in a 12-month period in hospitals with an Orthopedic Department in Bucharest and surrounding Ilfov County (11.8% of Romania population). Subjects and Methods. All ICD 10 fracture and event/fall codes were validated against the charts. We calculated the age and sex adjusted incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture and used the national reported hip fracture data base for comparison. Results. There were 2203 hip fractures of which 1997 (90.65%) were fragility fractures. The crude incidence of low-energy hip fractures was 171/100,000 (225/100,000 in women, 103/100,000 in men). The incidence rose with age to a maximum rate of 1902/100,000 in women >85 years. The NIPH-reported incidence of hip fracture was 181/100,000 for the region of interest and 176/100,000 at the national level. Conclusion. The incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture was lower than the incidence based on hip fractures reported codes in the national database, but the incidence of fragility fractures calculated by our group was higher than the incidence reported in previous national studies. Nationwide studies are warranted.
  • Case Report

    Poiana C, Carsote M, Popescu A, Hortopan D, Stanescu B, Ioachim D

    Primary hyperparathyroidism associated with cerebral meningiomas - three cases report

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(1): 81-92 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.81

    Abstract
    Meningiomas are the most common benign tumors of the brain, accounting for about 15 to 20% of all primary brain tumors. They are more common in females than in males and are most likely found in the sixth and seventh decades. Meningiomas arise from leptomeninges. Even the hyperostosis of the overlying skull occurs in 15-20% of cases and most of them have the tendency to calcify. The biological one can find hypercalcemia in a patient with cerebral meningioma, only if it associates other diseases like hyperparathyroidism. Between January 2000 and December 2006, in the Department of Pituitary and Neuroendocrine Pathology of the “C.I.Parhon” Institute of Endocrinology, Bucharest there have been admitted 29 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, 7 males and 22 females. From the 22 women with primary hyperparathyroidism, 3 cases presented multiple endocrine neoplasia type I and 19 sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. In the same period of time we found in 3 of these cases the association between sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism and cerebral meningiomas. We present the cases of three female patients of 56, 55, respectively 58 years old, diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism during the follow-up for nontoxic goiter. Two of them were known with cerebral meningiomas, unsuccessfully surgically approached, while the third one was newly diagnosed with meningioma, based on neuroimaging. There are a couple of studies regarding the association between cerebral meningiomas and the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1), but we found in the literature only three cases of both cerebral meningioma and sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. Clinicians should be aware of the possible association between cerebral meningiomas and primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • Case Report

    Fica SV, Popescu L, Ciprut T, Ardeleanu C, Terzea D, Trifanescu R, Coculescu M

    Beneficial effects of gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs in pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2005 1(1): 109-119 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2005.109

    Abstract References
    OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual cause of respiratory failure in a 33-year old Caucasian woman, diagnosed at 26 years with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and treated with gonadoliberin analogs (aGnRH) four years.\r\nMETHODS: The respiratory failure was diagnosed on functional tests (spirometry, oxymetry, diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide). High resolution chest computed tomographic (HRCT) scan and open lung biopsy with specific immunohistochemistry certified the diagnosis.\r\nRESULTS: The diagnosis of pulmonary LAM was established after one year on chest HRCT and lung biopsy which revealed the proliferation of smooth muscle of pulmonary vessels, positive for actin, desmin, vimentin, estrogen- and progesterone- receptors. Spirometry revealed mixed obstructive and restrictive dysfunction. A correlation between worsening of dyspnea and estradiol peaks occurred during three gestation periods. Despite a short treatment with medroxyprogesterone 10 mg/day and tamoxifen (20 mg/day), the patient?s symptoms and pulmonary function tests worsened. aGnRH treatment improved both symptoms and pulmonary function tests during the first year and was associated with a slow decline in pulmonary function tests and stabilization of the cystic lesions during the following 3 years. The patient did not develop LAM-complications such as: pneumothorax, chylothorax, or hemoptysis.\r\nCONCLUSION: Treatment with aGnRH is effective in slowing the evolution of pulmonary LAM.
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  • Case Report

    Popescu D, Ene R, Popescu A, Cîrstoiu M, Sinescu R, Cîrstoiu C

    Total Hip Joint Replacement in Young Male Patient with Osteoporosis, Secondary to Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(1): 109-113 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.109

    Abstract
    Introduction. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is an endocrine disease with a major effect on bone tissue turnover leading to bone demineralization and secondary osteoporosis. Case report. A 42 year old man underwent a total left hip joint arthroplasty for a left aseptic femoral head necrosis with an unsatisfactory evolution because of pain, marked functional deficit, limping and instability sensation in the operated lower limb. Five years before the patient was diagnosed with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism presenting gynecomastia, gynoid fat distribution, eunuchoidal skeletal proportions, reduced facial hair, a Tanner III stage of the external genital development, without erectile dysfunction. The unsatisfactory post-operative result was secondary to an aseptic mechanical degradation due to bone mineral loss (secondary osteoporosis) and also application of undersized non-cemented implant. Standard biological analyses did not show modification, the inflammatory tests were negative. The DXA examination, after a period of 2 years without treatment, showed a decrease of bone mineral density and confirms the diagnosis of secondary osteopenia. It was made the decision of surgical intervention and replacement of the uncemented femoral component with a cemented one. After the surgery, the therapy with bisphosphonates, calcium, vitamin D3 and testosterone is reinitiated. Discussion. The clinical outcome of biointegration of a non-cemented prosthesis depends in first of all of the biological status of the patient, with normal BMD, normal calcium and D vitamin levels. The secondary osteoporosis with local aseptic inflammation on the surface of the prosthesis and bone contact led to mechanical failure which maked necessary the revision surgery, in order to replace the prosthesis with a cemented one. Conclusions. In our case the presence of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with secondary osteoporosis, represents a contraindication for non-cemented total hip joint arthroplasty, due to major risk of loosening.
  • Case Report

    Zlate AC, Alexandrescu ST, Grigorie RT, Gramaticu IM, Kraft A, Dumitru R, Tomescu D, Popescu I

    The Role of Surgery in a Patient with Carcinoid Syndrome, Complicated by Carcinoid Heart Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(1): 117-121 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.117

    Abstract
    A 55-year-old female patient was admitted for flushing and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant. Her past medical history revealed high blood pressure and a recent echocardiography showed thickened appearance of tricuspid valve with coaptation defect and grade II tricuspid regurgitation. Contrast enhanced abdominal CT scan and MRI were subsequently performed and revealed a large macronodular liver mass, as well as other micronodular lesions disseminated in the liver parenchyma. CT guided biopsy from the main liver mass revealed neuroendocrine tumor of unknown origin (probably GI) with Ki-67 of 8%. Surgical exploration was decided. During laparotomy, the primary tumor was found in the proximal ileum and the patient underwent segmental enterectomy. Non-anatomical hepatectomy was also performed to remove the bulk of the tumor burden (more than 90%). Postoperative course was uneventful and the carcinoid syndrome relieved. At present, 15 months postoperatively, the patient is under treatment with somatostatin analogue for its antiproliferative effect, with good clinical, biochemical and tumoral control and stable heart disease. In patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases from unknown primary, surgical exploration could allow detection (and resection) of the primary tumor and surgical debulking of liver metastases to control carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease.
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Orzan OA, Popescu I, Tudose I, Petrache D, Giurcaneanu C

    Severe Disseminated Cutaneous Gout

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2012 8(1): 131-131 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2012.131

  • General Endocrinology

    Tanase A, Nemescu D, Popescu R, Toma BF, Matasariu RD, Onofriescu M

    FSH Receptor and FSH Beta Chain Polymorphism Involvement in Infertility and Endometriosis Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(2): 142-147 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.142

    Abstract
    Objectives. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor (c.-29G>A) and FSH beta chain (c.- 280G>T) polymorphisms and endometriosis in Romanian women. Material and methods. We performed the polymorphic analysis of the FSH receptor gene and FSH beta chain in 44 patients with endometriosis and 34 controls. Genomic DNA was obtained from peripheral blood and polymorphisms were investigated using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (RFLP). Results. There were no significant differences in genotype frequencies of FSH receptor gene between endometriosis patients and controls. For the heterozygous type of the FSH receptor polymorphism (c.-29G>A) we did not find a significant difference in its frequency between patients with minimal/mild and moderate/severe endometriosis (p = 0.136). Also, the FSH beta chain (c.- 280G> T) polymorphism frequency was not significantly associated with the severity of endometriosis (p = 0.966). Conclusions. FSH receptor and FSH beta chain polymorphisms do not seem to influence the severity of endometriosis, but they could be correlated with female infertility (primary or secondary), therefore further studies are required to debate this topic.
  • Editorial

    Popescu-Spineni DM, Guja L, Cristache CM, Pop-Tudose ME, Munteanu AM

    The Influence of Endocannabinoid System on Women Reproduction

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2022 18(2): 209-215 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.209

    Abstract
    The discovery of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 in 1990 and 1993, respectively, as well as of the two main endocannabinoids, anandamide in 1992 and 2-arachidonylglycerol in 1995, was an important step in identifying the strongest homeostatic system in the human body, namely the endocannabinoid system. Ever since, research has highlighted the crucial part played by this system in all the reproduction stages: folliculogenesis, spermatogenesis, oogenesis, fecundation, transport of the egg through the fallopian tubes, blastocyte implantation and pregnancy progression, as well as its implications in the physiopathology of the reproductive system: in endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, preeclampsia, endometrial cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome, ovarian cancer. A special attention must be paid to the phytocannabinoids, natural components originating especially from the Cannabis plant inflorescences, whose medical effects are wellestablished nowadays with also acting on the receptors of the endocannabinoid system. The most recent research mainly focuses on the reproductive dysfunctions and disorders of the reproductive tissues, respectively, through its action upon the endocannabinoid system. Medical cannabis is nowadays legalized in more and more countries all over the world. At the same time, recreational cannabis remains one of the most consumed drugs (in Romania the most consumed one by young adults). Therefore, it is mandatory for specialists in obstetrics and gynecology, endocrinology, public health, hygiene or for general practitioners, to permanently update their information on this subject.
  • Endocrine Care

    Babes E, Babes V, Popescu M, Ardelean A

    Value of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide in Detecting Silent Ischemia and its Prognostic Role in Asymptomatic Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(2): 209-218 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.209

    Abstract
    Context. Patients with diabetes mellitus have high-risk of coronary artery disease that is often silent. NT-proBNP is a\r\nneurohormone that in recent studies proved useful in detecting ischemic heart disease.\r\nThe objective was to evaluate whether NT-proBNP can detect silent myocardial ischemia and can predict cardiovascular outcome and mortality in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes.\r\nMethods. This study was conducted on 250 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without known coronary heart disease and heart failure. All patients were evaluated at baseline and were followed-up prospectively for 3 years for major cardiac events. Exercise ECG and Holter ECG were performed for silent ischemia detection. NT-proBNP was determined on a ROCHE cardiac reader.\r\nResults. NT-pro BNP was significantly raised in patients with silent ischemia (p<0.0001) and remained independent and the strongest predictor of silent ischemia in multiple regression analysis (p<0.0001). NTproBNP levels in patients who experienced major cardiac events were significantly higher (p<0.0001). In multiple regression analysis only silent ischemia (p<0.0001, r=0.20) and NT-proBNP (p<0.0001, r=0.67) remained independent predictors for major cardiac events.\r\nConclusions. NT-proBNP can be useful in screening for silent ischemia in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients and also is a strong predictor for major cardiac events.
  • Notes & Comments

    Haulica I, Bild W, Popescu R

    New facets of the renin-angiotensis system

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(2): 225-234 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.225