The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Clinical review/Extensive clinical experience

    Soldat-Stankovic V, Popovic Pejicic S, Stankovic S, Jovanic J, Bjekic-Macut J, Livadas S, Ognjanovic S, Mastorakos G, Micic D, Macut D

    The Effect of Myoinositol and Metformin on Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(2): 241-247 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.241

    Context. Cardiovascular risk is increased in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Do insulin sensitizing agents such as metformin (MET) and myoinositol (MI) ameliorate biomarkers of cardiovascular risk? Objective. To compare the effects of MET and MI on blood pressure, lipid profile and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in women with PCOS in respect to their body mass index (BMI). Design. Open label, parallel randomized, single center study. Subjects and Methods. Sixty six women with PCOS (33 normal-weight and 33 overweight/obese) were randomized to either MI (4 g/day) or MET (1500 mg/day) for a period of 6 months. Serum concentration of hormones, lipid profile, oxidized LDL (ox-LDL), hs-CRP, blood pressure measurement and clinical assessment of BMI, waist circumference (WC) and Ferriman Gallwey score (FG score) were performed before and after treatment. Results. Thirty patients in each group completed the trial. Compared with MET, MI significantly decreased diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p=0.036) and significantly increased serum hs-CRP (p=0.043). No differences between groups in total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol, LDLcholesterol, ox-LDL and triglycerides were reported after 6 months. Treatment with MI reduced BMI (p=0.037), WC (p=0.005), DBP (p=0.021) and TC (p=0.008). During MET treatment a significant decrease in BMI (p=0.005), WC (p=0.004), FG score (p=0.001), testosterone (p=0.013) and free androgen index (FAI) (p=0.006) was observed. Conclusions. Our study showed an advantage of MI in reduction of DBP and TC thus predicting favorable metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes in PCOS women. MET more effectively decrease indices of hyperandrogenism.
  • Editorial

    Micic D, Polovina S, Micic D, Macut D

    Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals And Obesity: The Evolving Story of Obesogens

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(4): 503-508 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.503

    Increase in obesity pandemic all over the world consequently leads to the investigation of possible causes. In addition to the traditional explanation using the so-called caloric model, the field of endocrine disruptors (EDs), especially subgroup called obesogens, offered more light on the pathogenetic mechanisms involved. After the Second World War a correlation between an increased production of exogenous pollutants and actual obesity epidemic was suggested. “Obesogen hypothesis” implies that molecules called obesogens inadequately stimulate the development of adipose cells and lipid accumulation in existing adipose cells, as well as change metabolic balance or hormonal control of appetite and satiety, leading to an increase in body fat mass. The list of obesogens includes some industrial chemicals, biocides, pharmaceuticals, pollutants, and smoke. EDs from the group of obesogens may exert their effects by the impairment in the programming development of adipocytes, by an increase in energetic depot in the adipose tissue, and by influencing neuroendocrine control of appetite and satiety. Increased scientific evidence on obesogens and their mechanisms of action may help to prevent obesity and mitigate deleterious effects of the environment on human life and development. New translational studies are needed to explain the possible mechanism proposed.