The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Procopiuc C, Dumitrescu C, Caragheorgheopol A, Dumitriu E, Popa M

    Use of subcutaneous triptorelin test in identifying central precocious puberty in girls

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2006 2(1): 27-31 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2006.27

    Central precocius puberty (CPP) is characterized by abnormalities in the setting up of the gonadotropin ?pubertal? release, which occurs earlier. The gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) was used initially to test the pituitary regarding FSH and LH release in both precocious and delayed puberty. Various GnRH superagonists were used for the same purpose, including triptorelin. A triptorelin test was applied to 14 girls with premature thelarche by using the subcutaneous administration of 0.1 mg/sqm and blood sampling at 2, 3 and 4 hours for serum LH and FSH and at 24 hours for serum estradiol. Serum mean levels of LH were >7.8 mIU/ml at all intervals, suggesting a ?pubertal? type of LH release. As concerns the individual levels of LH, only 5 out of 14 girls showed a value greater than 8 mIU/ml, which is the cutoff limit for the diagnosis of precocious puberty. These girls also met the other clinical and radiological criteria necessary for the diagnosis of precocious puberty. It was concluded that soluble triptorelin may be useful in detecting ?pubertal? type of LH release in girls exhibiting premature thelarche. Regarding the FSH and estradiol levels, they were considered irrelevant for the diagnosis.
  • Endocrine Care

    Grigorie D, Sucaliuc A, Ivan M, Neacsu E, Popa O, Diaconescu A

    High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in 1048 Romanian women with postmenopausal osteoporosis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2008 4(1): 33-45 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2008.33

    Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common medical problems worldwide as they\r\nare quite prevalent in both healthy adults and individuals with osteoporosis, hospitalized patients\r\nand free-living and institutionalized elderly. The lack of serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD)\r\nassays standardization, variability of reference population, and the use of different cut-off points\r\nhave produced quite different prevalence reports from epidemiological studies.\r\nWe investigated the vitamin D status (deficiency, insufficiency, sufficiency) in 1048\r\nRomanian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis referred to our clinic for diagnosis and\r\ntreatment in the last three years. Most patients were untreated with osteoporosis drugs and nonsupplemented\r\nwith vitamin D. In our country dietary sources of vitamin D are scarce and there\r\nis no fortification of food with vitamin D. We found a high prevalence of both vitamin D\r\ndeficiency (25OHD < 10 ng/mL) - 22.23% and insufficiency (25OHD=10-30 ng/mL) - 61.26%.\r\nOur study also revealed a high prevalence of low vitamin D when using other cut-offs as reported\r\nin the literature. 83.49% had values lower than 30 ng/mL and 60.97% lower than 20 ng/mL. In\r\nthis study we identified a serum 25OHD concentration of 35 ng/mL above which serum\r\nparathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration attains a plateau at about 35 pg/mL. The relation\r\nbetween serum PTH and 25OHD concentration was non-linear and a log-log diagram showed a\r\nvery weak correlation. The prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism was 32.25% in the\r\nwhole population studied. It ranged from 40% in the subgroup of serum 25OHD less than 10\r\nng/mL to less than 15% in patients with 25OHD higher than 30 ng/mL.\r\nIn conclusion, in a representative osteoporosis population from Romania we found a very\r\nhigh prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency whatever the cut-off used for\r\ndefinition.
  • Case Report

    Bumbacea RS, Ghiordanescu IM, Tudose I, Popa LG, Badiu C, Giurcaneanu C

    Autoimmune Progesterone Dermatitis in a Patient with no Medical History of Hormonal Contraception or Pregnancy

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(1): 99-102 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.99

    Abstract Context. Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (AIPD) is a rare, cyclical dermatosis, with variable clinical presentation, occurring exclusively or being aggravated during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, when levels of progesterone rise. Its pathogenesis is still unclear. AIPD is thought to occur as an autoimmune reaction to endogenous possibly modified progesterone, but it could also be triggered by exogenous progesterone exposure. AIPD is a diagnosis of exclusion. Usually there is no or limited response to oral H1 antihistamines and a partial response to steroids. Ovulation inhibitors represent the specific treatment. Case report. We report a case of AIPD in an 18-year-old nulliparous patient with no medical history of allergic diseases and no exposure to oral contraceptive pills. AIPD was suspected based on the clinical picture (recurrent cyclical eczematous eruption on the face and abdominal area) and confirmed by positive intradermal test and positive progesterone challenge. This diagnosis was supported by the result of the skin biopsy, which also helped to exclude other dermatoses with premenstrual aggravation. The rash responded satisfactorily to treatment with a combination of oral contraceptives, levonorgestrel and estrione, which is currently considered first line therapy. Conclusions. This case is of particular interest due to the lack of previous pregnancy or exposure to progesteron therapy. Recurrent, cyclical eruptions in fertile women should raise the suspicion of AIPD. If early recognized, the patient may benefit from non-invasive treatment that improves significantly the quality of life.
  • Book Review

    Popa OM

    Genetica in pediatrie

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2017 13(1): 131-131 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.131

  • Images in Endocrinology

    Popa GL, Zurac S., Tanase I., Tomulescu V., Badiu C

    Adrenal Cystic Hemangioma

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2014 10(1): 155-156 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.155

  • Endocrine Care

    Popa M, Stefanescu AM, Procopiuc C, Dumitrescu C

    Serum leptin and leptin binding activity after ten days administration of rHGH (as IGF-1 generation test) in short children

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2007 3(2): 161-168 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2007.161

    Leptin seems to play a significant role in the regulation of pituitary GH secretion. In GH deficient children serum leptin level is higher than in GH sufficient ones. Administration of rhGH resulted in a significant decrease in serum leptin in GH deficient but also in children displaying idiopathic growth delay, small for gestational age at birth, Prader-Willi syndrome and other obese. LBA is in fact the soluble form of leptin receptor. It was previously shown that GH deficient children are mostly hyperleptinemic and that GH induces a reduction in leptin level within 3 weeks of therapy. Such a reduction could serve as a valuable marker of the long term growth response. Twenty short children whose GH status was previously assessed through GH provocative tests and auxological evaluation were explored as concerns IGF I, leptin and LBA. According to these criteria they were classified as GH-deficient and GH-sufficient. Blood samples for the assay of serum leptin and LBA and IGF I were drawn at 8 a.m. A daily dose of 0.35 mg of rhGH was given subcutaneously at 8 pm in 12 of them and the same sampling was done 12 hours after the last injection. A therapy with GH with the same preparation and in comparable weekly dosage was started in all children and the height gain was evaluated after six months. Total serum leptin was assayed by a commercially available sandwich ELISA kit. LBA was assayed by a sandwich ELISA kit using a human IgG-Fc fragment of leptin receptor. IGF I determination was performed by the OCTEIA kit in a two-site immunoenzymometric assay (IEMA). The means and SEM before and after 10 days of GH administration in the whole group were of 3.4 ? 0.71 ng/ml and 1.7 ? 0.16 (p< 0.02) for leptin 0.27.1 ? 0.92 U/ml and 23.6 ?1.66 (ns) for LBA, 48.9 ? 10.65 ng/ml and 84.3 ? 17.61 for IGF I (p> 0.05, ns). Comparison between GH deficient (def) and GH sufficient (suf) subgroups resulted in significant differences as regards initial values for IGF I (20.2 ? 4.21 in def vs 77.6 ? 16.7 in suf, p< 0.02) but not in leptin, LBA, height and weight z scores. After ten days of therapy no significant differences were noted in subgroups for leptin, LBA and IGF I (absolute values), but a striking difference was noted in percentual rise of IGF I in def children. There was a significant positive correlation between leptin basal level and the growth rate in the subsequent 6 months of GH therapy. No similar correlation was noted for IGF I and LBA. It was concluded that hyperleptinemic GH deficient children seem to be particularly sensitive to the growth promoting effect of rhGH at least in the first six months of therapy.
  • Endocrine Care

    Popa I, Brega D, Raica M, Dragan M, Alexa A, Bacanu R

    Biological, morphological and ultrastructural correlations in child's obesity

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2006 2(2): 163-185 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2006.163

    Introduction: Obesity, a disease whose morphological background has as main problem the “dysfunctional” adipocyte, continues to raise scientific interest for the completion of the existing data and the verification of the hypothetic ones. Material and method: We determined insulinemia and glycemia within the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and we analyzed the relation between the fat mass and cortisolemia in a group of 50 obese patients aged between 4 months –18 years. In 19 obese patients, between 5 ½ -17 ½ years old, we determined the basal leptin and resistin serum levels, comparatively to a control group of 19 normal weight children. In 14 obese and 10 normal weight controls, we determined the number of androgenic and estrogenic adipocyte receptors, which we correlated with the degree of obesity, the Tanner stage and respectively the testosterone, progesterone and estradiol serum levels. We studied the cellularity, morphohistochemical and ultrastructural features of the adipose tissue in 42 obese and 20 normal weight controls. Leptin and resistin were determined by ELISA. The measurement of the fat mass was done by bioelectric impedance. For the study of the adipose tissue we took 1g of tissue from the retro-trochanterian area. We identified the estrogenic (ER) and androgenic (AR) receptors by LSAB2 technique. We interpreted the data statistically by the linear regression analysis and variance test “t” for two unequal parameters using Microsoft Excel 2002. Results: A positive correlation was demonstrated between glycemias and insulinemias for the entire group (r=0.927, p=0.002), as well as between cortisolemia and fat mass excess (r=0.917; p=0.001). Serum leptin levels were significantly high in the obese (mean values: 81.07 ng/ml) comparatively to normal weight individuals (mean values: 4.17 ng/ml). Resistin serum levels did not show significant differences between the obese and normal weight individuals. We cannot talk about the existence of any correlation between resistin and leptin.
  • Endocrine Care

    Rosu MM, Popa SG, Mota E, Popa A, Manolache M, Guja C, Bala C, Mota M

    Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in the Adult (Aged 40-79 Years) Romanian Population

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 227-234 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.227

    Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Aim. To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk (CVR) categories in the adult population (aged 40-79 years) of Romania. Design. The present study was part of the epidemiological, cross-sectional PREDATORR study (PREvalence of DiAbeTes mellitus, prediabetes, overweight, Obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia and chronic kidney disease in Romania). Subjects and Methods. Exclusion criteria: age <40/ or>79 years old and diagnosis of ischemic vascular disease. The CVR was evaluated using charts developed by the World Health Organization/ International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) available for Europe B (epidemiological subregion where Romania was included). The CVR was divided into 5 categories: <10%, 10-20%, 20-30%, 30-40%, > 40%. Results. A total of 1631 subjects (57.0±10.7 years, 45.1% males) were included in the present study. The age and sex-adjusted prevalence of CVR >40% was 2.9% (95%CI 2.8-3.1%), CVR 30-40% was 1.85% (95%CI 1.8-1.9%), CVR 20-30% was 5.8% (95%CI 5.6- 6.0%) and 13.0% (95%CI 12.8-13.3%) of the adult Romanian population has a 10-20% CVR, these CVR categories being more frequent in male and older age. Diabetes, overweight/ obesity and smoking were associated with high CVR categories. Conclusion. Romania is one of the countries with high CVR, requiring CVD prevention measures.
  • Endocrine Care

    Mocan M, Popa T., Blaga SN

    The Influence of Metabolic Syndrome Components on N-Terminal Pro B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Concentrations: The Role of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2013 9(2): 229-240 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.229

    Background. There are few data to demonstrate the usefulness of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) for the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) diagnosis in metabolic syndrome (MSy) patients as the relationship between NT-proBNP and MSy components is still under study. Objectives. The present study aims to determine the influence of MSy components on NT-proBNP concentrations. In this respect, we tried to identify the relationship between NT-proBNP concentrations and LVDD in patients with MSy and preserved LV systolic function. Methods. 68 hospitalized obese patients with MSy (IDF2006 definition) were taken under study. All patients underwent Doppler echocardiography. NT-proBNP was determined using the ELISA method (Biomedica). The data obtained in the study group were compared to those of 70 obese subjects, age and sex matched, without MSy. Results. The median of plasmatic NT-proBNP level in MSy patients was 155 pmol/L significantly (p=0.002) higher than in the control group (120 pmol/L). Median NTproBNP was significantly higher (p=0.0266) in MSy patients presenting LVDD (160 pmol/L) as compared to those with normal left ventricular function (125 pmol/L).In the LVDD subgroup NT-proBNP level was positively and significantly correlated with age (r=0.326, p=0.025), SBP (r=0.508, p=0.0003) and DBP (r=0.396, p=0.005) and negatively correlated with waist circumference (r=-0.380, p=0.008). Dyslipidemia, impaired fasting glucose and body mass index (BMI) did not significantly influence NT-proBNP levels. Conclusions. MSy patients had higher NT-proBNP concentrations as compared to obese subjects without MSy, due to the presence of LVDD and the positive and statistically significant correlation with age, SBP and DBP.
  • General Endocrinology

    Popa M, Stefanescu AM, Procopiuc C

    Increased number and affinity of platelet serotoninergic receptors in short, GH-deficient children

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2006 2(3): 259-267 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2006.259

    Serotonergic 5HT2A receptors constitute the sole subtype identifiable in platelets, their sole location outside CNS. They may intervene in intra-CNS pathways involved in GHRH and GH release, mainly during sleep. To gain information about such a subtype receptor in GH deficiency and, indirectly, on its role in GH release, studies on the platelets membrane binding sites of labelled LSD were undertaken in dwarf, GH-deficient children, assuming that the platelets sites number is parallel to their number in the brain. Five dwarf (Dw) children (3 boys) aged 7-13, having no signs of puberty, with a peak GH level under 5 ng/ml during ITT, no tumor in the hypothalamic and pituitary area and no previous rhGH therapy were compared with ten normally statured, non-obese children serving as controls (C). Fifty mL of platelet membrane preparation of pooled samples were incubated at 25?C with radioiodinated lysergic acid diethylamide ([125I] LSD) in concentrations of 0.35-3.5 nM/L. The reaction kinetics was followed up within 60 min weekly for 4 weeks. Bmax and Kd were calculated as means of 4 repetitions. Competitive inhibition curves were also drawn by using ketanserin (KET), mianserin (MIA) and cyproheptadin (CYP) in concentrations of 10-4 mM- 1nM/L and the inhibition constant (Ki) was calculated. The results showed that Bmax was (mean ? SEM) 33.0 ? 3.06 fmol/mg protein in C group versus 64.06 ? 13.82 fmol/mg protein in Dw group (F test in covar p<.05). Kd was 0.76? 0.166 nM in C and 2.0? 0.48 nM in Dw (t test p<0.01). The earliest time of 100% binding (Tmin) was 20 min in C and 5 min in Dw groups. Ki in C was 0.1 nM for KET, 18 nM for MIA and <0.1 nM/L for CYP. In Dw children Ki was 1.85 nM for KET, 18 nM for MIA and <0.1 nM for CYP. The results indicated that the number of 5HT2A receptors in platelets was significantly greater in GH-deficient children than in controls, as well as Kd. Tmin indicated an earlier steady state in Dw patients. Ki values pleaded to some extent in favour of the presence of excess 5HT2A receptors. In conclusion, excessive binding of labelled LSD and its inhibition by specific antagonists proves excess of 5HT2A receptors in platelets preparations collected from dwarf children.