ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Year Volume Issue First page
10.4183/aeb.
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  • Perspectives

    Naraoka Y, Yamaguchi T, Hu A, Akimoto K, Kobayashi H

    Short Chain Fatty Acids Upregulate Adipokine Production in Type 2 Diabetes Derived Human Adipocytes

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(3): 287-293 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.287

    Abstract
    Purpose. Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play a major regulatory role in adipocyte function and metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SCFAs on adiponectin and leptin expression in adipocytes, and also to determine whether the effects of SCFA treatment in visceral adipocytes obtained from healthy subjects are different relative to the effects in adipocytes from patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods. Human pericardiac preadipocytes and human pericardiac preadipocytes type 2 diabetes were differentiated into adipocytes for 21 days in 48-well plates. After differentiation, two kinds of mature adipocytes, human pericardiac adipocytes (HPAd) and human pericardiac adipocytes-type 2 diabetes (HPAd-T2D) were incubated with or without 1 mM of acetic acid (AA), butyrate acid (BA), and propionic acid (PA). After 48 hours of incubation, intracellular lipid accumulation was measured using oil red staining. In addition, mRNA levels of adiponectin, leptin and Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ (PPARγ) were determined by Real-Time PCR system. Results. In HPAd, SCFA supplementation did not inhibit lipid accumulation. By contrast, both AA (p<0.01) and PA (p<0.01) significantly inhibited lipid accumulation in HPAd-T2D. Regarding mRNA levels of adiponectin, no significant changes were found in HPAd, while all three types of SCFAs significantly increased (p<0.05) adiponectin expression in HPAd-T2D. Leptin mRNA expression levels were significantly increased by treatment with all three types of SCFAs in both HPAd (p<0.05) and HPAd-T2D (p<0.05). Conclusion. SCFAs inhibited lipid droplet accumulation and increased mRNA expression of adiponectin and leptin in T2D-derived adipocytes.
  • Perspectives

    Jiang L, Wei R, Diao J, Ding H, Wang W, Ao R

    Proteomics of Tear in Inactive Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(3): 291-303 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.291

    Abstract
    Background. Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), one of the most common orbital diseases in adults, seriously reduces patients’ quality of life. Although human tear proteomics identified many abnormal expressed proteins and proposed several pathogeneses of TAO, most of these studies focused on the active stage or mixed types in TAO. In this study we identified significantly changed proteins and preliminary revealed the potential signalling pathways and mechanisms of TAO with the late, inactive stage. Patients and Methods. Tears from TAO patients (n=6) with a CAS score < 3 and 6 control healthy subject were collected. The pooled tears were further fractionated using high pH reversed-phase chromatography, then submitted to LC-MS/MS and subsequent bioinformatic analysis. Results. Proteomic profiling identified 107 significantly changed proteins between the inactive stage of TAO patients and healthy cases. Among these proteins, 62 were upregulated, and 45 were downregulated in TAO cases compared to healthy individuals. Enrichment analysis revealed that the immune system, cell cycle, metabolism (carbohydrate metabolism and metabolism of cofactors and vitamins), protein synthesis and degradation might play a vital role in the progress of inactive TAO. The present investigation represents the first proteomic tear study of TAO patients in the inactive stage. Conclusion. The results shed light on the differences between inactive TAO patients and healthy cases, thus enabling us to understand better the molecular mechanisms and potential targets for the treatment of inactive TAO.
  • General Endocrinology

    Zhao S, Zhang W, Li Y, He B, Han P

    Effect of Blood Glucose Fluctuation on Apoptosis of Rat Hepatocytes in vivo

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(3): 325-336 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.325

    Abstract
    Background. Blood glucose levels in the human body continuously fluctuate within a certain range. Intermittent hyperglycemia has adverse effects on vascular endothelial\r\ncells and pancreatic beta cells. A few studies have found that blood glucose fluctuation induced apoptosis of both endothelial cells and pancreatic beta cells, possibly due to oxidative stress. This study aimed to determine the\r\neffects of blood glucose fluctuation on hepatocytes in vivo.\r\nMaterials and Methods. To induce intermittent hyperglycemia, rats were intermittently treated with 50% glucose\r\ninjection to fluctuate blood glucose between 5.5 mmol/L and 20.0 mmol/L. The rats with intermittent hyperglycemia were treated with either low dose (0.35 mg/kg?min) or high dose\r\n(0.70 mg/kg?min) N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The rats infused with saline were used as control. Apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL assay. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the liver, as well as plasma ALT, AST, TBIL, and IBIL, were examined using colorimetric kits.\r\nResults. Liver function was lower in the rats with intermittent hyperglycemia than in control rats. Hepatocytes exposed to blood glucose fluctuation were more likely\r\nto undergo apoptosis compared to control group (0.07?0.016 vs. 0.015?0.009, P<0.01). The expression of Caspase-3 and\r\ncleaved Caspase-3 was significantly higher in the IHG group than in the SAL group (0.111?0.015 vs. 0.07?0.011; 0.064?0.012 vs. 0.004?0.001, P<0.05).The expression of\r\nBax and the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 were significantly higher in the IHG group than in the SAL group (0.20?0.05 vs. 0.10?0.02; 0.55?0.20 vs. 0.20?0.05, both P<0.01). When treated with NAC, the liver function of rats with intermittent hyperglycemia improved remarkably, and hepatocyte apoptosis decreased.\r\nConclusion. Blood glucose fluctuation appears to be detrimental to liver function, but this effect can be ameliorated by NAC.
  • Endocrine Care

    Sourani M, Kakleas K, Critselis E, Tsentidis C, Galli-Tsinopoulou A, Dimoula M, Kotsani E, Armaou M, Sdogou T, Karayianni C, Baltaretsou E, Karavanaki K

    Cross-Sectional Study on Childhood Obesity and Central Obesity on a Rural Greek Island

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(3): 329-336 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.329

    Abstract
    Objective. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of obesity and visceral obesity (VO) within children living on the small Greek island of Tinos and their associated factors. Methods. Three hundred and fifty two healthy children and pre-adolescents (54% boys) attending the primary schools of Tinos island were evaluated, aged (mean±SD) 8.53±1.72 years (range 6-11), from which 286 (81.25%) were of Greek origin and 65 (18.46%) foreign immigrants. Body weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured, plus BMI and WC percentiles were calculated. Children with WC > 90th percentile were categorized as having VO. Results. Among our patients, 235 (66.76%) were of normal weight, 88 (25%) overweight and 29 (8.2%) obese. Obese children, as opposed to their normal weight counterparts, were more likely to be of younger age (p=0.009). VO was found in 65 (18.47%) children, with a higher prevalence among the obese than overweight ones (96.43% vs. 42%, p<0.001). There was no difference in the prevalence of VO between children and pre-adolescents. However, foreign immigrants had lower frequency of overweight and obese children (p=0.026) and less viscerally obese children (9.09% vs. 20.63%, p=0.018) than the Greek participants. Conclusions. The prevalence of childhood obesity in rural Tinos was 8.24%, which was lower than the reported national prevalence of obesity in Greece, whilst almost all of the obese and 42% of the overweight children presented VO. The low prevalence of childhood obesity and VO on this small island could possibly be attributed to a more healthy diet and natural way of life.
  • Endocrine Care

    Tang W, Chen Q, Chen L, Chen S, Shao X, , Wang X

    Favorable Effect of Levothyroxine on Nutritional Status of Patients with Stage 3-4 Chronic Kidney Disease

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(3): 338-345 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.338

    Abstract
    The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of malnutrition in patients with stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and primary subclinical hypothyroidism and the effect of levothyroxine for improving nutritional status and delaying kidney disease. Patients and Methods. In the study were included 200 patients with stage 3-4 CKD: CKD3 stage group (n=100) and CKD4 stage group (n=100). These patients were further divided into: control group (non-treatment group) group a (n=65) and experiment group (treatment group) group b (n=135) according to their levothyroxine treatment. The CKD3 stage group is divided into c3 (n=35) and e3 (n=65), and CKD4 group is divided into c4 (n=30) and e4 (n=70) groups. Results. Upon treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism with levothyroxine, nutritional indicators of patients are improved, and the weight, left and right-hand grip strength, hemoglobin (HB), serum albumin are higher compared to control. After levothyroxine treatment, eGFR in the treatment group increased with each time point, while in the control group it could be seen a significant decrease. This effect was more robust in the CKD3 group than in the CKD4 group. In conclusion, levothyroxine treatment can delay the progression of kidney diseases with more efficacy in stage 3 patients.
  • Endocrine Care

    Zhang YK, Liu XG, Zhu WY, Zhou SQ, Wang YK, Zeng F, Hu XF, ZhengXJ, Zhao CY, Yuan HP

    Iodine Intake and Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in Different Populations of Zhoushan, China

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(3): 345-355 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.345

    Abstract
    Background. To evaluate iodine status and the prevalence of thyroid disorders in different populations of Zhoushan Island, China.\r\nMethods. A total of 3284 inhabitants of Zhoushan Island were surveyed, including 1389 urban residents, 737 salt workers, 502 peasants, 362 fishermen, and 294 monks from Mount Putuo. All subjects, except for salt workers, consumed iodized salt. A thyroid ultrasound was performed and serum levels of\r\nthyroid hormones and thyroid peroxidase antibody were measured.\r\nResults. The median urinary iodine concentration was significantly higher in subjects who consumed iodized salt than in those who consumed non-iodized salt. No significant differences were noted in the prevalence of thyroid ultrasound abnormalities and functional thyroid disorders between subjects who consumed non-iodized and iodized salt except between salt workers and monks from Mount Putuo. The prevalence of thyroid ultrasound abnormalities differed\r\nsignificantly between males and females and was positively correlated with advanced age (r=0.212, P<0.001).\r\nConclusions. Iodine intake is considered adequate, more than adequate, or excessive amongst the study populations. The\r\nprevalence of both thyroid ultrasound abnormalities and functional thyroid disorders is extremely high in Zhoushan Island. Advanced age and female gender are significant predictors of thyroid ultrasound abnormalities.
  • Endocrine Care

    Li Q, Zhao Y, Wang YP, Yang Y, He SM, Zhang X, Wang Z, Luo LY

    Correlation between Serum 25(OH)D and Abdominal Visceral Fat Area in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the Context of Different Bone Mass

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2021 17(3): 351-357 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.351

    Abstract
    Objective. To investigate the correlation between serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and the visceral fat area of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the context of different bone mass. Materials and Methods. A total of 180 patients with T2DM were randomly selected for bone mineral density (BMD) examination. According to the results, they were divided into three groups: T2DM normal bone group (group A); T2DM bone mass reduction group (group B); T2DM osteoporosis group (group C). Result. Serum 25(OH)D levels in NC group, A group, B group and C group decreased in turn, and Visceral fat area (VFA) in group B and group C were significantly higher than those in group A and NC [(29.41±4.87) vs. (22.76±4.23) vs. (17.78±3.61) vs. (9.70±3.01), P<0.05], [(117.76±38.79), (125.08±37.90) vs. (89.79±26.51), (97.53±28.61), P<0.05]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that L1-L4 lumbar vertebrae bone density was positively correlated with 25(OH)D and VFA; left femoral neck bone density was positively correlated with 25(OH)D, and negatively correlated with VFA. Conclusion. Serum 25(OH)D and VFA may be associated with the development of T2DM combined with OP.
  • Case Report

    Darouassi Y, Aljalil A, Azami A, Elakhiri M, Ennouali A, Hanine MA, Chebraoui Y, Tayane M, Mliha Touati M, Rharrassi I , Ammar H

    Synchronous Occurrence of Three Different Thyroid Tumors

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(3): 366-369 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.366

    Abstract
    Background. Thyroid nodules are common; however, the association of two or more different tumors in the thyroid gland is unusual. We present a first case with the association of three histological types of thryroid tumors. To the best of our knowledge, this association has not been reported in the literature before. We aim here to highlight the possible coexistence of many lesions in the thyroid gland and to discuss treatment options. Case presentation. We report the case of a female patient who presented with a multinodular goiter. The final pathology after total thyroidectomy found the association of a multifocal papillary thyroid microcarcinoma arising within a Hurthle cells adenoma in a lobe and a noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary nuclear features in the other lobe. Due to the very low risk of recurrence, the patient was not treated with radioactive iodine. Conclusions. Many controversies remain about the management of Hurthle cells tumors and many variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although the management of our case did not change, more studies are necessary to analyze the evolution of patients with multiple thyroid neoplasms. When discussing therapeutic options, the advantages and disadvantages should be considered case by case based on disease staging.
  • Images in Endocrinology

    Du X, Cao D, Yan F, Gao Y, Chang H, Wei B

    Clinicopathological Characteristics of Mucinous Variant of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2020 16(3): 377-378 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.377

  • Case Report

    Dayal D, Saini A, Sodhi K, Rao K, Gupta N, Dogra S, Singhi S

    Thymic Zygomycosis in a Girl with Poorly Controlled Diabetes

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(3): 379-383 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.379

    Abstract
    Zygomycosis is a frequently fatal infection in the immunocompromised and diabetic host. A 12 year old girl with type 1 diabetes presented in diabetic ketoacidosis and consolidation of right lung along with thymic abscess causing persistent respiratory symptoms. A diagnosis of\r\nmucormycosis was made on smear examination of the thymic aspirate. Intravenous amphotericin along with surgical excision of the abscess resulted in clinical cure. Thymic involvement as seen in this case is an extremely rare occurrence in a diabetic patient which has not been\r\nreported in literature so far .